Marine Painting or maritime art is any form of figurative art (that is, painting, drawing, printmaking and sculpture) that portrays or draws its main inspiration from the sea. Maritime painting is a genre that depicts ships and the seaA genre particularly strong from the 17th to 19th centuries.[1] In practice the term often covers art showing shipping on rivers and estuaries, beach scenes and all art showing boats, without any rigid distinction - for practical reasons subjects that can be drawn or painted from dry land in fact feature strongly in the genre.[2] Strictly speaking "maritime art" should always include some element of human seafaring, whereas "marine art" would also include pure seascapes with no human element, though this distinction may not be observed in practice.

Ships and boats have been included in art from almost the earliest times, but marine art only began to become a distinct genre, with specialized artists, towards the end of the Middle Ages, mostly in the form of the "ship portrait" a type of work that is still popular and concentrates on depicting a single vessel. As landscape art emerged during the Renaissance, what might be called the marine landscape became a more important element in works, but pure seascapes were rare until later. Marine painting was a major genre within Dutch Golden Age painting, reflecting the importance of overseas trade and naval power to the Dutch Republic, and saw the first career marine artists, who painted little else. In this, as in much else, specialist and traditional marine painting has largely continued Dutch conventions to the present day. With Romantic art, the sea and the coast was reclaimed from the specialists by many landscape painters, and works including no vessels became common for the first time.

Saturday, December 6, 2014

Marine Paintings or maritime art is any form of figurative art (that is, painting, drawing, printmaking and sculpture) that portrays or draws its main inspiration from the sea. Maritime painting is a genre that depicts ships and the seaŚ

A genre particularly strong from the 17th to 19th centuries.[1] In practice the term often covers art showing shipping on rivers and estuaries, beach scenes and all art showing boats, without any rigid distinction - for practical reasons subjects that can be drawn or painted from dry land in fact feature strongly in the genre.[2] Strictly speaking "maritime art" should always include some element of human seafaring, whereas "marine art" would also include pure seascapes with no human element, though this distinction may not be observed in practice.

Ships and boats have been included in art from almost the earliest times, but marine art only began to become a distinct genre, with specialized artists, towards the end of the Middle Ages, mostly in the form of the "ship portrait" a type of work that is still popular and concentrates on depicting a single vessel. As landscape art emerged during the Renaissance, what might be called the marine landscape became a more important element in works, but pure seascapes were rare until later. Marine painting was a major genre within Dutch Golden Age painting, reflecting the importance of overseas trade and naval power to the Dutch Republic, and saw the first career marine artists, who painted little else. In this, as in much else, specialist and traditional marine painting has largely continued Dutch conventions to the present day. With Romantic art, the sea and the coast was reclaimed from the specialists by many landscape painters, and works including no vessels became common for the first time.

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Marine art or maritime art is any form of figurative art (that is, painting, drawing, printmaking and sculpture) that portrays or draws its main inspiration from the sea. Maritime painting is a genre that depicts ships and the sea—a genre particularly strong from the 17th to 19th centuries.[1] In practice the term often covers art showing shipping on rivers and estuaries, beach scenes and all art showing boats, without any rigid distinction - for practical reasons subjects that can be drawn or painted from dry land in fact feature strongly in the genre.[2] Strictly speaking "maritime art" should always include some element of human seafaring, whereas "marine art" would also include pure seascapes with no human element, though this distinction may not be observed in practice.

Ships and boats have been included in art from almost the earliest times, but marine art only began to become a distinct genre, with specialized artists, towards the end of the Middle Ages, mostly in the form of the "ship portrait" a type of work that is still popular and concentrates on depicting a single vessel. As landscape art emerged during the Renaissance, what might be called the marine landscape became a more important element in works, but pure seascapes were rare until later. Marine painting was a major genre within Dutch Golden Age painting, reflecting the importance of overseas trade and naval power to the Dutch Republic, and saw the first career marine artists, who painted little else. In this, as in much else, specialist and traditional marine painting has largely continued Dutch conventions to the present day. With Romantic art, the sea and the coast was reclaimed from the specialists by many landscape painters, and works including no vessels became common for the first time.

  • 11 Further reading
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    Earliest times to 1400[edit]

    The reed boat petroglyph at Gobustan.

    Vessels on the water have featured in art from the earliest times. The earliest known works are petroglyphs from 12,000 BCE showing reed boats in the Gobustan Petroglyph Reserve in modern Azerbaijan, which was then on the edge of the much larger Caspian Sea. Rock carvings and carved objects depicting ships have been found on several islands of the Aegean (Andros, Naxos, Syros, Astypalaia, Santorini) as well as mainland Greece (Avlis), dating from 4,000 BCΕ onwards.

    Both men and gods are shown on river "barges" in Ancient Egyptian art; these boats were made of papyrus reed for most uses, but the vessels used by the pharaohs were of costly imported cedar wood, like the 43.6 m (143 ft) long and 5.9 m (19.5 ft) wide Khufu ship of c. 2,500. Nilotic landscapes in fresco in Egyptian tombs often show scenes of hunting birds from boats in the Nile delta, and grave goods include detailed models of boats and their crews for use in the afterlife.

    Odysseus and the Sirens. Detail from an Attic red-figured stamnos, ca. 480-470 BC

    Ships sometimes appear in Ancient Greek vase painting, especially when relevant in a narrative context, and also on coins and other contexts, though with little attempt at a seascape setting. As in Egyptian painting, the surface of the water may be indicated by a series of parallel wavy lines. Ancient Roman painting, presumably drawing on Greek traditions, very often shows landscape views from the land across a lake or bay with distant land on the horizon, as in the famous "Ulysses" paintings in the Vatican Museums. The water is usually calm, and objects that are submerged, or partly so, may be shown through the water.[3] The large Nile mosaic of Palestrina (1st century BCE) is a version of such compositions, with a view intended to show all the course of the river.

    From Late Antiquity to the end of the Middle Ages marine subjects were shown when required for narrative purposes, but did not form a genre in the West, or in Asian ink painting traditions, where a river with a small boat or two was a standard component of scholar landscapes.[citation needed] Marine highlights in Medieval art include the 11th century Bayeux Tapestry showing the Norman Invasion of England. From the 12th century onwards, seals of ports often featured a "ship portrait".[4] The ship functioned as an image of the church, as in Giotto's lost Navicella above the entrance to Old St Peter's in Rome, but such representations are of relatively little interest from the purely marine point of view.[5]

    15th century[edit]

    Vittore Carpaccio, Arrival of the Pilgrims in Cologne, 1490.

    A distinct tradition begins to re-emerge in Early Netherlandish painting, with two lost miniatures in the Turin-Milan Hours, probably by Jan van Eyck in about 1420, showing a huge leap in the depiction of the sea and its weather. Of the seashore scene called The Prayer on the Shore (or Duke William of Bavaria at the Seashore, the Sovereign's prayer etc.) Kenneth Clark says: "The figures in the foreground are in the chivalric style of the de Limbourgs; but the sea shore beyond them is completely outside the fifteenth-century range of responsiveness, and we see nothing like it again until Jacob van Ruisdael's beach-scenes of the mid-17th century."[6] There was also a true seascape, the Voyage of St Julian & St Martha,[7] but both pages were destroyed in a fire in 1904, and only survive in black and white photographs. For the rest of the 15th century illuminated manuscript painting was the main medium of marine painting, and in France and Burgundy in particular many artists became skilled in increasingly realistic depictions of both seas and ships, used in illustrations of wars, romances and court life, as well as religious scenes. Scenes of small pleasure boats on rivers sometimes feature in the calendar miniatures from books of hours by artists such as Simon Bening.

    During the Gothic period the nef, a large piece of goldsmith's work in the shape of a ship, used for holding cutlery, salt or spices, became popular among the grand. Initially just consisting of the "hull", from the 15th century the most elaborate had masts, sails and even crew. As the exotic nautilus shell began to reach Europe, many used these for their hull, like the Burghley Nef of about 1528. Lower down the social scale, interest in shipping was reflected in many early prints of ships. The earliest are by Master W with the Key, who produced several engravings of ships; for some time such "ship portraits" were confined to prints and drawings, and typically showed the ship with no crew, even if under sail. They also usually anticipated the low horizon that painting would not achieve until the 17th century.[8] The first print of a naval battle is an enormous (548 x 800 mm) woodcut of the Battle of Zonchio in 1499 between the Venetians and the Turks. The only surviving impression is coloured with stencils; most were probably pasted onto walls.[9] The earliest comparable painting to survive comes from several decades later.[10]

    At the same time artists were often involved in the expansion of Western cartography, and more aware than might always seem evident of the scientific and nautical advances of the age. According to Margarita Russell, one of Erhard Reuwich's woodcuts from the first printed travel book (1486) shows him trying to demonstrate his understanding of the curvature of the earth with a ship half-seen on the horizon. The many coastal views in the book's woodcuts are important in the development of such representations.[11] Birds-eye plans of cities, often coastal, which we would today usually consider as cartography, were often done by artists, and considered as much as works of art as maps by contemporaries.[12]

    Italian Renaissance art showed maritime scenes when required, but apart from the Venetian artist Vittore Carpaccio there were few artists in this or the next century who often returned to such scenes, or did so with special sensitivity. Carpaccio's scenes show Venetian canals or docksides; there are several arrivals and departures in his Legend of Saint Ursula. In the German-speaking lands, Konrad Witz's Miraculous Draught of Fishes (1444) is both the first landscape painting to show a recognisable rural location, and an atmospheric view across Lake Geneva.

    16th century[edit]

    Peter Brueghel, Naval Battle in the Gulf of Naples, (The Harbour of Naples), c. 1558

    The Netherlandish tradition of the "world landscape", a panoramic view from a very high viewpoint, pioneered by Joachim Patinir in the 1520s, once again begins to include a wide expanse of water in a rather similar way to the classical paintings, which these artists cannot have been aware of. These paintings were essentially landscapes in the guise of history paintings, with small figures usually representing a religious subject. A strong marine element was therefore present as landscape painting began to emerge as a distinct genre. The Protestant Reformation greatly restricted the uses of religious art, accelerating to the development of other secular types of art in Protestant countries, including landscape art and secular forms of history painting, which could both form part of marine art.

    An important work by a Flemish "follower of Patenir" is the Portuguese Carracks off a Rocky Coast of about 1540 (787 x 1447 mm), in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, "which has justly been labelled the earliest known pure marine painting".[13] This probably represents the meeting of two small fleets involved in escorting a Portuguese princess going to be married; a type of ceremonial maritime subject which remained very common in court art until the late 17th century, although more often set at the point of embarkation or arrival.[14] Another example is the painting in the Royal Collection showing Henry VIII embarking for the Field of the Cloth of Gold, which is typical in clearly showing the ships side-on, with no attempt to adjust for the high view point.[15] A superb coloured drawing by Hans Holbein the Younger of a ship crowded with drunken lansquenets was perhaps done in preparation for a mural in London. This adopts the low viewpoint typical of the ship portrait.[16]

    Pieter Bruegel the Elder is famous for his development of genre painting scenes of peasant life, but also painted a number of marine subjects, including Landscape with the Fall of Icarus (c. 1568); the original is now recognised as lost, and the painting in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium in Brussels is now seen as a good early copy of Bruegel's original. He also painted a large Naval Battle in the Gulf of Naples, of 1560, Galleria Doria-Pamphilj, Rome, and a small but dramatic late shipwreck scene. A larger storm scene in Vienna, once regarded as his, is now attributed to Joos de Momper.[17] Such subjects were taken up by his successors, including his sons.

    Storm c. 1568, now attributed to Joos de Momper.

    The highly picturesque and historically useful Anthony Roll was a luxury illuminated manuscript inventory of the ships of the Royal Navy prepared for Henry VIII in the 1540s. However it is neither very visually accurate nor artistically accomplished, having perhaps been illustrated by the official concerned.[18] As in France, 16th-century English paintings of elaborate royal embarkations and similar occasions are formulaic, if often impressive. Most used Netherlandish artists, as did representations in prints of the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. The Virgin of the Navigators is a Spanish work of the 1530s with a group of ships at anchor, presumably in the New World, protected by the Virgin.

    Mannerism in both Italy and the North began to paint fantastic tempests with gigantic waves and lightning-filled skies, which had not been attempted before but were to return into fashion at intervals over the following centuries. As naval warfare became more prominent from the late 16th century, there was an increased demand for works depicting it, which were to remain a staple of maritime painting until the 20th century, pulling the genre in the direction of history painting, with an emphasis on the correct and detailed depiction of the vessels, just as other trends pulled in the direction of increasingly illusionist and subtle effects in the treatment of the sea and weather, paralleling those of landscape painting. Many artists could paint both sorts of subject, but others specialized in one or the other. However at this date seascapes showing a large portion of sea and with no vessels at all were very rare.

    Maritime painting of the Dutch Golden Age[edit]

    Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom, 1617, Dutch Ships Ramming Spanish Galleys off the Flemish Coast in October 1602

    The Dutch Republic relied on fishing and trade by sea for its exceptional wealth, had naval wars with Britain and other nations during the period, and was criss-crossed by rivers and canals. By 1650 95% of ships passing from the North Sea into the Baltic were Dutch.[19] Pictures of sea battles told the stories of a Dutch navy at the peak of its glory, though today it is usually the "calms", or more tranquil scenes that are highly estimated. It is therefore no surprise that the genre of maritime painting was enormously popular in Dutch Golden Age painting, and taken to new heights in the period by Dutch artists.[20] As with landscapes, the move from the artificial elevated view typical of earlier marine painting to a low viewpoint was a crucial step, made by the first great Dutch marine specialist Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom.[21]

    More often than not, even small ships fly the Dutch tricolour, and many vessels can be identified as naval or one of the many other government ships. Many pictures included some land, with a beach or harbour viewpoint, or a view across an estuary. Other artists specialized in river scenes, from the small pictures of Salomon van Ruysdael with little boats and reed-banks to the large Italianate landscapes of Aelbert Cuyp, where the sun is usually setting over a wide river. The genre naturally shares much with landscape painting, and in developing the depiction of the sky the two went together; many landscape artists also painted beach and river scenes. Artists probably often had precise models of ships available to help them achieve accurate depictions.[22] Artists included Jan Porcellis, Simon de Vlieger, Jan van de Cappelle, and Hendrick Dubbels.[23]

    Salomon van Ruysdael, typical View of Deventer Seen from the North-West (1657); an example of the "tonal phase".

    The prolific workshop of Willem van de Velde the Elder and his son was the leader of the later decades, tending, as at the beginning of the century, to make the ship the subject, but incorporating the advances of the tonal works of earlier decades where the emphasis had been on the sea and the weather. The Younger van de Velde was very strongly influenced by Simon de Vlieger, whose pupil he was. The Elder van de Velde had first visited England in the 1660s, but both father and son left Holland permanently for London in 1672, leaving the master of heavy seas, the German-born Ludolf Bakhuizen, as the leading artist in Amsterdam.[24] Reinier Nooms, who had been a sailor and signed his works Zeeman ("seaman"), specialized in highly accurate battle scenes and ship portraits, with some interest also in effects of light and weather, and it was his style that was to be followed by many later specialized artists. Abraham Storck and Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten were other battle specialists. Nooms also painted several scenes of dockyard maintenance and repair operations, which are unusual and of historical interest.[25]

    The tradition of marine painting continued in the Flemish part of the Netherlands, but was much less prominent, and took longer to shake off the Mannerist style of shipwrecks amid fantastic waves. Most paintings were small zeekens, whereas the Dutch painted both large and small works. The leading artist was Bonaventura Peeters.[26]

    Ludolf Bakhuizen, Dutch warships in trouble off Gibraltar, a real incident of 1690

    The Dutch style was exported to other nations by various artists who emigrated, as well as mere emulation by foreign artists. The most important emigrants were the leading Amsterdam marine artists, the father and son Willem van de Velde. Having spent decades chronicling Dutch naval victories over the English, after the collapse of the art market in the disastrous rampjaar of 1672, they accepted an invitation from the English court to move to London, and spent the rest of their lives painting the wars from the other side. Artists loosely said to have "followed" their style include Isaac Sailmaker, although he was a much earlier Dutch emigrant who had preceded their arrival in England by at least 20 years, and whose style is very different from theirs; as well as Peter Monamy, whose style derives from numerous marine painters besides the van de Veldes, such as Nooms, Peeters and Bakhuizen; and several others, such as Thomas Baston and the Vale brothers, who painted in the native English tradition.

    Increasingly, marine art was already mostly left to specialists, with rare exceptions like Rembrandt's powerful The Storm on the Sea of Galilee of 1633, his only true seascape.[27] Van Dyck made some fine drawings of the English coast from boats off Rye, apparently when waiting for his ship to the continent, but never produced any paintings. Some of Rubens's paintings involve the sea and ships, but are so extravagant and stylised that they can hardly be called marine art. However Claude Lorrain developed an influential type of harbour scene, usually with a view out to a sea with a rising or setting sun, and extravagant classical buildings rising on both sides of the channel. This elaborated on a tradition of Italianate harbour scenes by Northern artists (Italian ones took little interest in such scenes) that goes back at least as far as Paul Bril and was especially popular in Flanders, with Bonaventura Peeters and Hendrik van Minderhout, an emigrant from Rotterdam, as the leading exponents there, and Jan Baptist Weenix in the Republic.[28]

    18th century[edit]

    William Hodges, The Resolution and Adventure in Matavai Bay (Tahiti), 1776.

    The century supplied an abundance of military actions to depict, and before the Annus Mirabilis of 1759 the English and French had roughly equal numbers of victories to celebrate. There were a considerable number of very accomplished specialist artists in several countries, who continued to develop the Dutch style of the previous century, sometimes in a rather formulaic manner, with carefully accurate depictions of ships. This was insisted on for the many paintings commissioned by captains, ship-owners and others with nautical knowledge, and many of the artists had nautical experience themselves.[29] For example Nicholas Pocock had risen to be master of a merchantman, learning to draw while at sea, and as official marine painter to the king was present at a major sea battle, the Glorious First of June in 1794, on board the frigate HMS Pegasus. Thomas Buttersworth had served as a seaman in several actions up to 1800. The Frenchman Ambroise Louis Garneray, mainly active as a painter in the following century, was an experienced sailor, and the accuracy of his paintings of whaling is praised by the narrator in Herman Melville's Moby Dick, who knew them only from prints.[30] At the bottom end of the market, ports in many European countries by now had "pierhead artists" at the docks, who would paint cheap ship portraits that were typically fairly accurate as to the features and rigging of the ship, which was demanded by sailor customers, but very formulaic in general artistic terms.[31]

    The Venetian artists Canaletto and Francesco Guardi painted vedute in which the canals, gondolas and other small craft, and lagoon of Venice are most often prominent features; many of Guardi's later works barely show land at all, and Canaletto's works from his period in England also mostly feature a river and boats. Both produced a large quantity of work, not all of the same quality, but their best paintings handle water and light superbly, though in very different moods, as Canaletto's world is always bright and sunny, where Guardi's is often overcast, if not misty and gloomy.

    The Shipwreck, 1772, by Claude Joseph Vernet

    Naval cadets were now encouraged to learn drawing, as new coastal charts made at sea were expected to be accompanied by "coastal profiles", or sketches of the land behind, and artists were appointed to teach the subject at naval schools, including John Thomas Serres, who published Liber Nauticus, and Instructor in the Art of Marine Drawings in 1805/06.[32] Professional artists were now often sent on voyages of exploration, like William Hodges (1744–1797) on James Cook's second voyage to the Pacific Ocean, and exotic coastal scenes were popular as both paintings and prints.

    Prints had become as significant as a source of income as the original painting for some artists, for example the much-engraved French painter Claude Joseph Vernet (1714–1789), who both revived something of the spirit of the Mannerist tempest, and looked forward to Romanticism, in his large and extremely dramatic scenes of storms and shipwrecks. He was also commissioned by the French government to produce a series of views of French harbours,[2] with the strange result that many of his works showing merchant shipping are very violent, and most showing naval vessels very tranquil. He also developed a type of large Claudeian harbour-scene, at sunset and with a generalized Mediterranean setting, which were imitated by many artists. Another early Romantic French, or at least Alsatian-Swiss, artist was Philip James de Loutherbourg (1740–1812), who spent most of his career in England, where he was commissioned by the government to produce a number of works depicting naval victories. Watson and the Shark is a famous marine history subject of 1778 by John Singleton Copley.

    Romantic Age to present[edit]

    The Romantic period saw marine painting rejoin the mainstream of art, although many specialized painters continued to develop the "ship portrait" genre. Antoine Roux and sons dominated maritime art in Marseille throughout the 1800s with detailed portraits of ships and maritime life. Arguably the greatest icon of Romanticism in art is Théodore Géricault's The Raft of the Medusa (1819), and for J.M.W. Turner painting the sea was a lifelong obsession. The Medusa is a radical type of history painting, while Turner's works, even when given history subjects, are essentially approached as landscapes. His public commission The Battle of Trafalgar (1824) was criticised for inaccuracy, and his most personal late works make no attempt at accurate detail, often having lengthy titles to explain what might otherwise seem an unreadable mass of "soapsuds and whitewash", as The Athenaeum described Turner's Snow Storm - Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth making Signals in Shallow Water, and going by the Lead. The Author was in this Storm on the Night the Ariel left Harwich of 1842.[33]

    The new force in painting, the art of Denmark, featured coastal scenes very strongly, with an emphasis on tranquil waters and still, golden light. These influenced the German Caspar David Friedrich, who added an element of Romantic mysticism, as in The Stages of Life (1835); his The Sea of Ice is less typical, showing a polar shipwreck. Ivan Aivazovsky continued the old themes of battles, shipwrecks and storms with a full-blooded Russian Romanticism, as in The Ninth Wave (1850). River, harbour and coastal scenes, typically with only small boats, were popular with Corot and the Barbizon school, especially Charles-François Daubigny; many of the most famous works of the most important Russian landscapist, Isaac Levitan, featured tranquil lakes and also the huge rivers of Russia, which he and many artists treated as a source of national pride. Gustave Courbet painted a number of scenes of beaches with cliffs and views looking out to sea of waves breaking on a beach, usually with no human figures or craft. During the 1860s Édouard Manet painted a number of paintings depicting important and newsworthy events including his 1864 'marine' painting of the Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama, memorializing a sea battle that took place in 1864 during the Civil War in the United States.[34]

    The ship portrait genre was taken to America by a number of emigrants, most English like James E. Buttersworth (1817–1894) and Robert Salmon. The Luminist Fitz Henry Lane (1804–1865) was the earliest of a number of artists who developed American styles based in landscape art; he painted small boats at rest in tranquil small bays. Martin Johnson Heade was a member of the Hudson River School, and painted tranquil scenes, but also threatening storms of alarming blackness. Winslow Homer increasingly specialized in marine scenes with small boats towards the end of the century, often showing boats in heavy swells on the open sea, as in his The Gulf Stream. Thomas Eakins often painted river scenes, including Max Schmitt in a Single Scull (1871).[2]

    Later in the century, as the coast became increasingly regarded as a place of pleasure rather than work, beach scenes and coastal landscapes without any shipping became prominent for the first time, often including cliffs and rock formations, which had earlier been mostly found in scenes of shipwreck. Many later beach scenes became increasingly crowded, as holidaymakers took over the beaches of Europe. Eugène Boudin's scenes of the beaches of north France strike a familiar note to the modern viewer, despite the heavy clothing worn by the ladies sitting on chairs in the sand. The Impressionists painted many scenes of beaches, cliffs and rivers, especially Claude Monet, who often returned to Courbet's themes, as in Stormy Sea in Étretat. It was his Impression, Sunrise (1872), a view over the waters of the harbour at Le Havre, that had given the movement its name. River scenes were very common among the Impressionists, especially by Monet and Alfred Sisley.[2]

    Painting of Dazzle-ships in Drydock at Liverpool, by Edward Wadsworth, 1919

    The Spanish painter Joaquín Sorolla painted many beach scenes, typically concentrating on a few figures seen close up, in contrast to the smaller figures of most beach paintings. American artists who painted beaches and shores, typically less populated, include John Frederick Kensett, William Merritt Chase, Jonas Lie, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler, who mainly painted rivers and the canals of Venice. Towards the end of the 19th century the American painter Albert Pinkham Ryder created moody and darkly visionary early modernist seascapes. The Fauve and Pointilliste groups included fairly tranquil waters in large numbers of their work, as did Edvard Munch in his early paintings. In England the Newlyn School and the naive fisherman-artist Alfred Wallis are worth noting.

    The rather traditional British marine artist Sir Norman Wilkinson was during World War I the inventor of dazzle camouflage, by which ships were boldly painted in patterns, achieving results not dissimilar to Vorticism, inspiring the naval ditty: "Captain Schmidt at the periscope / You need not fall or faint / For it’s not the vision of drug or dope / But only the dazzle paint".[35] When the American navy adopted the idea in 1918, Frederick Judd Waugh was put in charge of design.

    Specialized marine painters concentrating on ship portraits continue to the present day, with artists such as Montague Dawson (1895–1973), whose works were very popular in reproduction; like many, he found works showing traditional sailing ships more in demand than those of modern vessels. Even in 1838 Turner's The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last Berth to be broken up, still probably his most famous work, displayed nostalgia for the age of sail. Marine subjects still attract many mainstream artists, and more popular forms of marine art remain enormously popular, as shown by the parodic series of paintings by Vitaly Komar and Alexander Melamid called America's Most Wanted Painting, with variants for several countries, almost all featuring a lakeside view.[36]

    19th century gallery[edit]

    20th century gallery[edit]

    East Asian traditions[edit]

    Court style panorama Along the River During the Qingming Festival, an 18th-century copy of a 12th-century original by Chinese artist Zhang Zeduan. The scroll begins at the right end, and culminates above as the Emperor boards his yacht to join the festive boats on the river.

    As noted above, a river with a small boat or two was a standard component of Chinese ink and brush paintings, and many featured lakes and, less often, coastal views. However the water was often left as white space, with the emphasis firmly on the land elements in the scene. The more realist court school of Chinese painting often included careful depictions of the shipping on China's great rivers in the large horizontal scrolls showing panoramas of city scenes with the Emperors progressing across the Empire, or festivals like the one shown above. The turning-away from long-distance maritime activity of both the Chinese and Japanese governments at the time of the Western Renaissance no doubt helped to inhibit the development of marine themes in the art of these countries, but the more popular Japanese ukiyo-e coloured woodblock prints very often featured coastal and river scenes with shipping, including The Great Wave off Kanagawa (1832) by Hokusai, the most famous of all ukiyo-e images.

    See also[edit]

     

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    eABADES  Juan Martinez  ( 1862 - 1920 )
    ABBOTT  George Vemply  ( - )
    ABC    ( - )
    ABRAHAM  Lorraine  ( - )
    ABRIL BLASCO  Salvador  ( 1862 - 1904 )
    ABSOLON  John  ( 1815 - 1895 )
    ACHENBACH  Andreas  ( 1815 - 1910 )
    ACOSTA  Ralph  ( - )
    ADAM  Marie Edouard  ( 1847 - 1929 )
    ADAM  Victor Charles Edouard  ( 1868 - 1936 )
    ADAMS  Albert George  ( 1854 - 1887 )
    AF SILLEN  Herman  ( 1857 - 1908 )
    AITKEN  John Ernest  ( 1881 - 1957 )
    AITKEN  Leonard  ( - )
    AIVAZOVSKY  Leon Konstantinovitch  ( 1817 - 1900 )
    ALAUX  Jean-Pierre  ( 1925 - )
    ALAUX  Francois  ( 1878 - 1952 )
    ALAUX  Gustave  ( 1887 - 1965 )
    ALBE  Gerhard  ( 1892 - 1965 )
    ALDRIDGE  Frederic James  ( 1850 - 1933 )
    ALEKSEEV  Fedor  ( 1753 - 1824 )
    ALEXANDER  Matthew  ( 1953 - )
    ALLAN  Robert Weir  ( 1852 - 1942 )
    ALLBON  Charles Frederick  ( 1856 - 1926 )
    ALLBROOK  Colin  ( - )
    ALLCOT  John  ( 1888 - 1973 )
    ALLEN  Frank  ( 1944 - )
    ALLEN  David  ( - )
    ALLEN  Bill  ( - )
    ALTA    ( - )
    ALTAMURA  Jean Ioannis  ( 1852 - )
    ALTHAUS  Fritz B.  ( - )
    AMBILLE  Paul  ( 1930 - 2010 )
    AMSLER  Kurt  ( 1946 - )
    ANDERSEN  Lass  ( 1941 - )
    ANDERSON  George  ( 1931 - )
    ANDERSON  William  ( 1757 - 1837 )
    ANDREAE  Willem Lodewijk  ( 1817 - 1873 )
    ANDREWS  George Henry  ( 1816 - 1898 )
    ANDREWS  Dennis  ( - )
    ANNISON  Edward S  ( 1910 - 1948 )
    ANTHEAUME  Eric  ( 1953 - )
    ANTHONISZ  Aert Van  ( 1579 - 1620 )
    ARCHEVEQUE  Stephane  ( 1973 - )
    ARDRON  Ann  ( 1969 - )
    ARGUIMBAU  Peter Layne  ( 1951 - )
    ARNALD  George  ( 1763 - 1841 )
    ARNOLD  Edward Everard  ( 1824 - 1866 )
    ARNOUX  Guy  ( 1886 - 1951 )
    ARRIAGA  Esteban  ( 1922 - )
    ARTAN dit "Artan de Saint Martin"  Louis  ( 1837 - 1890 )
    ARTUS BERTRAND  Yann  ( 1946 - )
    ASHLEY  Clifford Warren  ( 1881 - 1947 )
    ASHTON  James  ( 1859 - 1935 )
    ASKEW  John  ( - )
    ASTON  Charles Reginald  ( 1832 - 1908 )
    ATHAS  Dimetrious  ( - )
    ATKINS  William Edward  ( 1842 - 1910 )
    ATKINS  Samuel  ( 1760 - 1808 )
    AUBAIN  Gustave Henri  ( 1859 - )
    AUBLET  Albert  ( 1851 - 1938 )
    AUGUSTA  Chris  ( - )
    AUSTIN  Samuel  ( 1796 - 1834 )
    AVERCAMP  Hendrick  ( 1585 - 1634 )
    AVERIN  Alexander Nikolaevich  ( 1952 - )
    AW  Michael  ( 1971 - )
    AYLING  George  ( 1887 - 1960 )
    AYLWARD  William James  ( 1875 - 1956 )
    BAADE  Knud Andreassen  ( 1808 - 1879 )
    BAAGOE  Carl Emil  ( 1829 - 1902 )
    BABOULENE  Eugene  ( 1905 - 1994 )
    BABOULET  Francois  ( 1914 - 2010 )
    BACH  Del-Bourree  ( - )
    BACK  Robert Trenaman  ( 1922 - 2004 )
    BACKUYSEN  Ludolf  ( 1631 - 1708 )
    BACON  Henry  ( 1839 - 1912 )
    BACONNAIS  Jean  ( 1931 - )
    BADGER  Samuel Finley Morse  ( 1873 - 1919 )
    BAGLEY  Laurence  ( 1922 - 1983 )
    BAGSHAWE  Joseph  ( 1870 - 1909 )
    BAILEY  Terry  ( 1941 - )
    BAILEY  T  ( - )
    BAILHACHE  Alain  ( 1937 - )
    BAILLE  Hervé Frédéric  ( 1896 - 1974 )
    BAKER  F.W. Junior  ( - )
    BAKER  Elisha  ( 1827 - 1890 )
    BALL  Wilfred William  ( 1853 - 1917 )
    BALL  Thomas Watson  ( 1863 - 1934 )
    BALLIN  Auguste  ( 1842 - 1899 )
    BANNING  Paul  ( 1934 - )
    BARAZER  Guillaume  ( 1951 - )
    BARBAROUX  Edmond  ( 1882 - 1948 )
    BARBER  John  ( 1947 - )
    BARD  James  ( 1815 - 1856 )
    BAREFORD  David  ( 1947 - )
    BARI  Eric  ( 1963 - )
    BARNES  Al  ( - )
    BARNOIN  Henri Alphonse  ( 1882 - 1940 )
    BARON  Cindy  ( - )
    BARRETT  Peter  ( - )
    BARRY  Francois Pierre Bernard  ( 1813 - 1905 )
    BARTH  Carl Wilhelm  ( 1847 - 1919 )
    BARTLETT  Harley W.  ( 1959 - )
    BARTOLOMEW  James  ( - )
    BASSFORD  Franklyn  ( 1857 - 1897 )
    BASTON  Thomas  ( - )
    BATTUT  Michèle  ( - )
    BAUGEAN  Jean Jerome  ( 1765 - 1830 )
    BAXTER  Colin  ( 1963 - )
    BAYLE  Luc Marie  ( 1914 - 2000 )
    BEAL  Gifford  ( 1879 - 1956 )
    BEAL  Reynolds  ( 1867 - 1951 )
    BEAUMONT  Arthur  ( 1890 - 1978 )
    BECKETT  Fred  ( - )
    BEDDOWS  Michael  ( 1931 - 2005 )
    BEDFORD  Whitney  ( 1976 - )
    BEEBE  Paul  ( - )
    BEECHEY  Richard Brydges  ( 1808 - 1895 )
    BEER  Sydney James  ( 1875 - 1952 )
    BEERSTRAETEN  Jan  ( 1622 - 1666 )
    BEKEN  Family  ( 1915 - )
    BELL  A D  ( - )
    BELL  Tim  ( - )
    BELL  David  ( 1950 - )
    BELLANGER  Camille Felix  ( 1853 - 1923 )
    BELLEC  François  ( 1934 - )
    BELLEVOIS  Jacob Adriaensz  ( 1620 - 1676 )
    BELLION  Michel  ( 1946 - )
    BELLIS  Jean  ( 1941 - )
    BENSON  John Prentiss  ( 1865 - 1947 )
    BENTHAM-DINSDALE  John  ( 1927 - 2008 )
    BENTLEY  Charles  ( 1805 - 1854 )
    BERGEN  Claus  ( 1885 - 1964 )
    BERNARD  Michel  ( 1932 - )
    BERNATH  Sandor  ( 1892 - 1984 )
    BERRYMAN  Ivan  ( 1958 - )
    BERTHELEMY  Pierre Emile  ( 1818 - 1894 )
    BERTHIER  Marc P.G  ( 1944 - )
    BERTHIER de SAUVIGNY  Etienne  ( 1906 - )
    BERTHON  Auguste  ( 1858 - )
    BERTRAND  Pierre Philippe  ( 1884 - 1975 )
    BERTRAND  Paulin  ( 1852 - 1940 )
    BERUBE  Yves  ( 1962 - )
    BETTS  Brad  ( - )
    BEVERLEY  William Roxby  ( 1811 - 1889 )
    BEZ  Michel  ( 1951 - )
    BEZOMBES  Roger  ( 1913 - 1994 )
    BICKEL  Shirley  ( - )
    BIEDA  Georges  ( - )
    BIELMANN  Brian  ( 1957 - )
    BIERSTADT  Albert  ( 1830 - 1902 )
    BIGGERI  Emilio  ( 1907 - 1977 )
    BINKS  Thomas  ( 1799 - 1852 )
    BIRCH  Thomas  ( 1779 - 1851 )
    BIRCHALL  William  ( 1884 - 1941 )
    BISHOP  William Henry  ( 1942 - )
    BIZETTE-LINDET  André  ( 1906 - 1998 )
    BLACHE  Christian  ( 1838 - 1920 )
    BLACKMAN  Anthony  ( - )
    BLAKE  Anthony  ( 1951 - )
    BLAKE  F Donald  ( 1908 - 1997 )
    BLAKESLEE  Frederick  ( 1898 - 1973 )
    BLANDIN  Etienne  ( 1903 - 1991 )
    BLAZEK  Robert T.  ( - )
    BLECHEN  Karl  ( 1798 - 1840 )
    BLOCH  Wolfgang  ( - )
    BLOOD MELLEN  Mary Taylor  ( 1817 - 1882 )
    BLOSSOM  Christopher  ( 1956 - )
    BLOUCH  Bruno  ( 1957 - )
    BLUNT  John Samuel  ( 1798 - 1835 )
    BOCK  Adolf  ( 1890 - 1968 )
    BOCKLIN  Arnold  ( 1827 - 1901 )
    BODARD  Pierre  ( 1906 - 1998 )
    BOEHNERT  Heinke  ( 1961 - )
    BOGGS  Frank Myers  ( 1855 - 1926 )
    BOGOLIUBOV  Alexei Petrovitch  ( 1824 - 1896 )
    BOHRDT  Hans  ( 1857 - 1945 )
    BOLLAND  JIm  ( 1936 - )
    BOLSTER  Robert  ( - )
    BOMPARD  Pierre  ( 1890 - 1962 )
    BONAMARTE  Lou  ( 1933 - )
    BONAMICI  Louis Jean Alfred  ( 1878 - 1966 )
    BOND  Willard  ( - )
    BONDARENKO  Vitali  ( 1968 - )
    BONE  Sir David Muirhead  ( 1876 - 1953 )
    BONINGTON  Richard Parkes  ( 1802 - 1828 )
    BONITA  Todd  ( - )
    BONNAR  James King  ( 1885 - 1961 )
    BORSTEL  Reginald Arthur  ( 1875 - 1922 )
    BOUCHAUD  Jean  ( 1891 - 1977 )
    BOUDIN  Eugene  ( 1824 - 1898 )
    BOUGH  Samuel  ( 1822 - 1878 )
    BOULLAIRE  Jacques  ( 1893 - 1976 )
    BOUNDEY  Burton Shepard  ( 1879 - 1962 )
    BOURGAIN  Gustave  ( 1856 - 1919 )
    BOURLIER  Gaby  ( - )
    BOURRIE  André  ( 1936 - )
    BOUT  Pieter  ( 1658 - 1719 )
    BOUTAN  Louis  ( 1859 - 1934 )
    BOUTTATS  Jean Baptiste  ( - )
    BOUYSSOU  Jacques  ( 1926 - 1997 )
    BRABAZON  Hercules Brabazon  ( 1821 - 1906 )
    BRABEN  Don  ( 1937 - )
    BRACKMAN  David  ( 1932 - )
    BRADFORD  William  ( 1823 - 1892 )
    BRANCALE  Joan  ( - )
    BRANEGAN  John Francis  ( 1843 - 1909 )
    BRANGWYN  Frank  ( 1867 - 1956 )
    BRANWHITE  Charles Brooke  ( 1851 - 1929 )
    BRAQUE  Georges  ( 1882 - 1963 )
    BRAUD  Stephane  ( - )
    BRENET  Albert Victor Eugene  ( 1903 - 2004 )
    BRERETON  James  ( 1954 - )
    BRETT  Oswald  ( 1921 - )
    BRICHER  Alfred Thompson  ( 1837 - 1908 )
    BRIERLY  Oswald  ( 1817 - 1874 )
    BRIGHT  Henry  ( 1810 - 1873 )
    BRINDEAU DE JARNY  Louis Edouard  ( 1867 - 1943 )
    BRINDLEY  Robert  ( 1949 - )
    BRISCOE  Arthur John Trevor  ( 1873 - 1943 )
    BRISCOE  Franklin Dullin  ( 1844 - 1903 )
    BRITTON  Harry  ( 1878 - 1958 )
    BROBECK  Philippe  ( 1953 - )
    BROE  Vern  ( 1930 - 2011 )
    BROOKING  Charles  ( 1723 - 1759 )
    BROOKS  Robin  ( 1943 - )
    BROOME  William  ( 1838 - 1892 )
    BROSS  Albert  ( 1921 - )
    BROUTELLES (de)  Théodore  ( 1843 - 1933 )
    BROWN  Hugh Boycott  ( 1909 - 1990 )
    BRUEGHEL  Jan  ( 1568 - 1625 )
    BRUEGHEL  Pieter  ( 1528 - 1569 )
    BRUMBACK  Louise Upton  ( 1867 - 1929 )
    BRYANT  C.Robert (Bob)  ( - )
    BRYANT  Charles David Jones  ( 1883 - 1937 )
    BUNKER  Dennis Miller  ( 1861 - 1890 )
    BURBRIDGE  Sarah  ( 1965 - )
    BURGES  Henry  ( 1760 - 1807 )
    BURGESS  Arthur James Wetherall  ( 1879 - 1957 )
    BURKE  Robert  ( - )
    BURNELL  Robert  ( - )
    BURRELL  James  ( - )
    BURTON  Kenneth W  ( 1943 - )
    BURTON  William Francis  ( 1907 - 1995 )
    BURWOOD  George Vemply  ( 1844 - 1917 )
    BUTT  Alistair  ( - )
    BUTTERSWORTH  James Edouard  ( 1817 - 1894 )
    BUTTERSWORTH  Thomas  ( 1768 - 1842 )
    CACHOUD  François  ( 1866 - 1943 )
    CAHOON  Ralph  ( 1910 - 1982 )
    CAHOURS  Henri  ( 1889 - 1954 )
    CAILLEBOTTE  Gustave  ( 1848 - 1894 )
    CALCAGNO  Anne Isabelle  ( 1965 - )
    CALCOTT  William James  ( 1843 - 1890 )
    CALLANDER  Adam  ( 1760 - 1812 )
    CALLCOTT  Sir Augustus Wall  ( 1779 - 1844 )
    CALLOT  Henri Eugene  ( 1875 - 1956 )
    CALLOW  John  ( 1822 - 1878 )
    CALMUS  Marc  ( - )
    CALVERT  Frederick  ( 1793 - 1852 )
    CAMARERO SUANZES  Miguel  ( 1950 - )
    CAMILLIERI  Nicolas  ( 1780 - 1855 )
    CAMPBELL  Jim  ( 1928 - )
    CAMUS  Patrick  ( 1947 - )
    CANDELARIA WELLS  Giorgina  ( - )
    CAPEN  Phil  ( 1940 - )
    CARDEW  Sidney  ( 1931 - )
    CARDOZO  Horacio  ( - )
    CAREY  Joseph W  ( 1859 - 1937 )
    CARMICHAEL  John Wilson  ( 1800 - 1868 )
    CARNEY  William  ( - )
    CARR  William  ( - )
    CARRIERE  Jean René  ( 1888 - 1982 )
    CARTAHU  Hubert  ( 1960 - )
    CARTER  Robert  ( - )
    CARTER  Henry Barlow  ( 1795 - 1867 )
    CARTWRIGHT  Colin  ( - )
    CASATI  Alexandre  ( - )
    CASCIARO  Giuseppe  ( 1863 - 1945 )
    CASTELLI  Marc  ( - )
    CASTRO  Lorenzo A.  ( 1672 - 1686 )
    CAUSSIN  Albert  ( 1854 - 1904 )
    CAZES  Clovis  ( 1883 - 1922 )
    CERIA  Edmond  ( 1884 - 1955 )
    CERNY  Charles  ( 1892 - 1965 )
    CHAET  Bernard  ( 1928 - 2012 )
    CHALMERS  Hector  ( 1849 - 1943 )
    CHAMBERLAIN  Trevor  ( 1933 - )
    CHAMBERS  Georges Hyde  ( 1803 - 1840 )
    CHAMBERS  Thomas  ( 1808 - 1869 )
    CHAMPEAUX-LA-BOULAYE  Olivier  ( 1837 - 1903 )
    CHANCELLOR  John  ( 1925 - 1984 )
    CHANTEAU  Alphonse Marie  ( 1874 - 1958 )
    CHANTEAU  Gabriel  ( 1874 - 1958 )
    CHAPELET  Roger  ( 1903 - 1995 )
    CHAPPELL  Reuben  ( 1870 - 1940 )
    CHARLAY-POMPOM  Charles  ( 1855 - )
    CHARMAN  Rodney  ( - )
    CHATTEN  Geoffrey  ( 1938 - )
    CHAUSSEPIED  Mikel  ( 1936 - )
    CHEN  Carey  ( - )
    CHENG  Eric  ( - )
    CHERVIN  Louis  ( 1905 - 1969 )
    CHESADE ou De Flaghac  Florence  ( 1960 - )
    CHEVAILLER  Margot  ( 1991 - )
    CHEVAILLER  Patrick  ( 1946 - )
    CHEVALIER  Ernest  ( 1867 - 1920 )
    CHIDGEY  Thomas  ( 1855 - 1926 )
    CHIGOT  Eugene Henri Alexandre  ( 1860 - 1927 )
    CHONG  Hiu Lai  ( - )
    CHOURGNOZ  Jean Marie  ( - )
    CHURCH  Frederic Edwin  ( 1826 - 1900 )
    CHURMS  Mark  ( 1967 - )
    CISZ  Henderson  ( 1960 - )
    CLARK  Luiz Fernando  ( - )
    CLARK  William  ( 1803 - 1883 )
    CLARKE  Nick  ( - )
    CLARY  Jim  ( - )
    CLAUSEN  C.  ( - )
    CLAYS  Paul Jean  ( 1819 - 1900 )
    CLEVELEY  Robert  ( 1747 - 1809 )
    CLEVELEY  John (Younger)  ( 1747 - 1786 )
    CLEVELEY  John (Elder)  ( 1712 - 1777 )
    CLUSEAU LANAUVE  Jean Charles Emile  ( 1914 - 1997 )
    COBB  David  ( 1921 - )
    COBBETT  Hilary Dulcie  ( 1885 - 1976 )
    COCHET  Gerard  ( 1888 - 1969 )
    COLACICCO  Salvatore  ( 1935 - )
    COLE  Leslie  ( 1910 - 1977 )
    COLEMAN  Ian  ( - )
    COLLIER  Jim  ( - )
    COLLINGWOOD  Chris  ( - )
    CONDY  Nicolas Matthew  ( 1818 - 1851 )
    CONSTABLE  John  ( 1776 - 1837 )
    CONSTANTINE  George Hamilton  ( 1875 - 1967 )
    COOK  Shirley  ( - )
    COOK  Otis Pierce  ( 1900 - 1980 )
    COOKE  Edward William  ( 1811 - 1880 )
    COOPSE  Pieter  ( 1640 - 1690 )
    COQUILLAY  Jacques  ( 1935 - )
    CORBIN  Peter  ( - )
    COROT  Jean-Baptiste Camille  ( 1796 - 1875 )
    CORSINI  Raffaele  ( 1830 - 1880 )
    COSTA  Emmanuel  ( 1833 - 1921 )
    COTTET  Charles  ( 1863 - 1925 )
    COTTINGHAM  Grenville  ( 1943 - 2007 )
    COUCH  Shane Michael  ( 1963 - )
    COULTER  William  ( 1849 - 1936 )
    COURBET  Gustave  ( 1819 - 1877 )
    COURBOULES  Jacques  ( 1932 - )
    COURDOUAN  Vincent  ( 1810 - 1893 )
    COURTOIS  Pierre  ( 1936 - )
    COUTURIER  Leon  ( 1842 - 1935 )
    COUVELEY  Adolphe Hippolyte  ( 1802 - 1867 )
    COZ  Alain  ( 1951 - )
    COZZENS  Frederic  ( 1846 - 1928 )
    CRAIG-WALLACE  Robert  ( 1886 - 1969 )
    CRANE  Ray  ( - )
    CREPIN  Louis Philippe  ( 1772 - 1851 )
    CRESTON  René-Yves  ( 1898 - 1961 )
    CRESWELL  Alexander  ( 1957 - )
    CRISENOY  Pierre Emile  ( 1825 - 1902 )
    CRISTOL  Horace  ( 1878 - 1959 )
    CROSS  Henri Edmond  ( 1856 - 1910 )
    CROSS  Roy  ( 1924 - )
    CULL  Alma Claude Burlton  ( 1880 - 1931 )
    CULPAN  Terry  ( - )
    CURLEY  Donald H  ( 1940 - 2009 )
    CURRAN  Donald  ( - )
    CURTIN  Thomas  ( 1899 - 1977 )
    CURTIS  David  ( 1948 - )
    CURTIS  George  ( 1816 - 1881 )
    CUSUMANO  Phil  ( - )
    CUYP  Aelbert  ( 1620 - 1691 )
    D ARGENCE  Eugene  ( 1853 - 1920 )
    DACK  Richard  ( - )
    DAHL  Hans  ( 1849 - 1937 )
    DALLOZ  Léonce  ( 1911 - 1939 )
    DALSHEV  Aleksey  ( 1970 - )
    DAMPNEY  Dean  ( - )
    DANBY  Francis  ( 1793 - 1861 )
    DANBY  James Francis  ( 1816 - 1875 )
    DANCE  Robert  ( 1934 - )
    DANIELL  William  ( 1769 - 1837 )
    DANIELS  Norm  ( - )
    DARAGNES  Jean Gabriel  ( 1886 - 1950 )
    DAUBIGNY  Karl  ( 1846 - 1886 )
    DAUCHEZ  André  ( 1870 - 1948 )
    DAUCHEZ  Philippe  ( 1900 - 1948 )
    DAUPHIN  Eugene Baptistin  ( 1857 - 1930 )
    DAUPHIN  Louis Etienne  ( 1885 - 1924 )
    DAVIDSON  Julian Oliver  ( 1853 - 1894 )
    DAVIES  Roger  ( 1945 - )
    DAVIS  William R  ( 1952 - )
    DAVISON  Neil  ( - )
    DAWSON  Montague  ( 1895 - 1973 )
    DAWSON  Henry Thomas  ( 1841 - 1896 )
    DAWSON  Henry  ( 1811 - 1878 )
    DAYTON  Jean  ( - )
    DE ALEDO  Guillermo Gonzales  ( 1923 - 2000 )
    DE BRUYCKER  Bob  ( 1931 - )
    DE CRISENOY  Pierre Emile  ( 1825 - 1902 )
    DE GOUMOIS  William  ( 1865 - 1941 )
    DE JONGE  Mike  ( 1928 - 1999 )
    DE LACY  Charles John  ( 1856 - 1936 )
    DE LOUTHERBOURG  Philippe Jacques  ( 1740 - 1812 )
    DE MARTINO  Eduardo Francisco  ( 1838 - 1912 )
    DE QUELERY  Jan  ( 1957 - )
    DE SIMONE  Tomaso  ( 1805 - 1888 )
    DE SIMONE  Antonio  ( 1851 - 1907 )
    DE VLIEGER  Simon Jacobsz  ( 1601 - 1653 )
    DEACON  Paul  ( 1953 - )
    DEBUSSCHERE  Christoff  ( - )
    DECAIX  Fernand  ( 1901 - 1974 )
    DECARIS  Albert  ( 1901 - 1988 )
    DEELEY  Ken  ( 1950 - )
    DEF    ( - )
    DEGAS  Edgar  ( 1834 - 1917 )
    DEKERYVER  Guy  ( 1949 - )
    DEL PIANO  Vincent  ( 1939 - )
    DELACROIX  Eugène  ( 1798 - 1863 )
    DELAISTRE  André  ( 1865 - )
    DELPECH  Hermann  ( 1865 - 1918 )
    DELPECH  Jean  ( 1916 - 1988 )
    DELPY  Lucien Victor  ( 1898 - 1967 )
    DEMERS  Donald  ( 1956 - )
    DEMONT-BRETON  Virginie  ( 1859 - 1935 )
    DEMROSKE  Mary C  ( - )
    DENTON  Kenneth  ( 1932 - )
    DEPRE  Marcel  ( 1919 - 1990 )
    DESCHAMPS  Gabriel  ( 1919 - )
    DESHAYES  Eugene  ( 1862 - 1939 )
    DESNOYERS  François  ( 1894 - 1972 )
    DESNOYERS  Bernard  ( 1950 - )
    DESOUCHES  Robert  ( - )
    DESOUTTER  Roger  ( 1923 - )
    DETMOLD  Henry  ( 1854 - 1924 )
    DETREE  Marie  ( - )
    DEWITT  Jim  ( 1930 - )
    DEWS  Stephen  ( 1949 - )
    DEZAUNAY  Emile Alfred  ( 1854 - 1938 )
    DI MEGLIO  Frederic  ( 1953 - )
    DIEHLMANN  Christine  ( - )
    DIEMER  Michael Zeno  ( 1867 - 1939 )
    DIEUZAIDE  Jean  ( 1921 - 2003 )
    DIXEY  Fredrick Charles  ( - )
    DIXON  Harry  ( - )
    DIXON  Charles Edward  ( 1872 - 1934 )
    DMITRIEV  George  ( 1957 - )
    DODD  Louis  ( 1943 - 2006 )
    DODD  Robert  ( 1748 - 1815 )
    DOMMERSEN  Pieter Cornelis  ( 1834 - 1908 )
    DOMMERSEN  William Raymond  ( 1850 - 1927 )
    DONGES  Kay  ( - )
    DONNE  Benoit  ( - )
    DOUBILET  David  ( 1946 - )
    DOUGUET  Max  ( 1903 - 1989 )
    DOUST  William Henry  ( - )
    Downie  Patrick  ( - )
    DRAGEON  Gabriel  ( 1873 - 1935 )
    DRAPER  Herbert James  ( 1863 - 1920 )
    DREW  Clement  ( 1806 - 1889 )
    DROUIN  Jean Dominique  ( 1805 - 1888 )
    DROY  André  ( 1927 - )
    DRYE  Jean-Louis  ( - )
    DU GARDIER  Raoul  ( 1871 - 1952 )
    DUBBELS  Hendrick  ( 1621 - 1676 )
    DUBOURG  Louis Alexandre  ( 1821 - 1891 )
    DUFFY  William P.  ( 1948 - )
    DUJARDIN  René-Marie  ( 1913 - 2002 )
    DUMONT  Michel  ( 1946 - )
    DUMONT DUPARC  Robert  ( 1866 - )
    DUMOUCHEL  Salutiano  ( 1847 - 1901 )
    DUMOULIN  Louis  ( 1860 - 1924 )
    DUNCAN  Edwards  ( 1803 - 1882 )
    DURAND-BRAGER  Jean Baptiste  ( 1814 - 1879 )
    DUTTON  Thomas  ( 1819 - 1891 )
    DWYER  Austin  ( - )
    DYER  Carol  ( - )
    DYF  Marcel  ( 1899 - 1985 )
    EADIE  Robert  ( 1877 - 1954 )
    EAKINS  Thomas  ( 1844 - 1916 )
    ECKERSBERG  Christoffer Wilhelm  ( 1783 - 1853 )
    EDDY  Alan  ( 1940 - )
    EDLER  Eduard  ( 1887 - 1969 )
    EERLAND  Willem  ( - )
    EGAN  Henry  ( - )
    EGELI  Lisa  ( - )
    EGELI  Peter Even  ( 1934 - )
    EKMAN  Emil  ( 1880 - 1951 )
    EKROOS  Mary  ( 1941 - )
    ELDREDGE  Jeff  ( - )
    ELIEH  Tony  ( 1979 - )
    ELLENSHAW  Peter  ( 1913 - 2007 )
    ELLIOTT  William  ( - 1791 )
    ELLIS  Edwin  ( 1842 - 1895 )
    ELLIS  Joseph Francis  ( - )
    ENNEKING  Joseph Eliot  ( 1881 - 1942 )
    ERICKSON  Mary  ( - )
    ERREUR    ( - )
    ESSELENS  Jacob  ( 1626 - 1687 )
    ESSICK  Todd  ( - )
    ETTERLEN  Romain  ( 1948 - )
    EVANS  James Guy  ( 1810 - 1860 )
    EVANS  Kenneth  ( 1944 - )
    EVEN  Jean  ( 1910 - 1986 )
    EVERETT  John Herbert  ( 1876 - 1949 )
    EVERS  Carl G  ( 1907 - 2000 )
    FARRE  Henry  ( 1871 - 1934 )
    FARRER  Henry  ( 1843 - 1903 )
    FAUCHÈRE  Claude  ( 1936 - )
    FELIX  Leon Pierre  ( 1869 - 1949 )
    FELLOWS  Gerald  ( 1945 - )
    FERNANDES  Tony  ( - )
    FEVRIER  Dominique  ( - )
    FIELDING  Anthony Vandyke Copler  ( 1787 - 1855 )
    FINN  Herbert John  ( 1860 - 1942 )
    FIRTH  Jack  ( 1917 - 2010 )
    FIRTH  Richard M  ( 1954 - )
    FIRTH  Richard  ( 1971 - )
    FISCHER  Olivier  ( 1946 - )
    FISCHER  Anton Otto  ( 1882 - 1962 )
    FISHER  Judith  ( - )
    FITZGERALD  Frederick R.  ( 1897 - 1938 )
    FITZPATRICK  Steve  ( - )
    FLAHAUT  Gildas  ( 1957 - )
    FLESSIERS  Tobias  ( 1610 - 1689 )
    FLOOD  James  ( - )
    FLORA  James  ( 1914 - 1998 )
    FORSBERG  Eric Nils  ( 1959 - )
    FOSTER  Deryck  ( 1924 - )
    FOUILLE  Georges Clement  ( 1909 - 1994 )
    FOUQUERAY  Charles  ( 1869 - 1956 )
    FOURNAIS  Suzanne  ( 1954 - )
    FOWLES  Arthur Wellington  ( 1815 - 1883 )
    FRABASILIO  Brian  ( - )
    FRAIPONT  Gustave  ( 1849 - 1912 )
    FRANCKEN  Frans I, le vieux  ( 1542 - 1616 )
    FRANCKEN  Frans II  ( 1581 - 1642 )
    FRASER  John  ( 1858 - 1927 )
    FRAZER  William Miller  ( 1864 - 1961 )
    FREDERIKSEN  Arne Skottenborg  ( 1932 - 1990 )
    FREDERIKSEN  Ebbe Lunnemann  ( - )
    FREEMAN  Tom  ( 1952 - )
    FREITAG  Conrad  ( 1843 - 1894 )
    FRERET  Armand Auguste  ( 1830 - 1919 )
    FRICKERS  Gordon  ( 1949 - )
    FRINK  Stephen  ( - )
    FRITH  Michael  ( 1951 - )
    FULLER  Edmund G.  ( - )
    FUNNO  Michele  ( - )
    FUNNO  Nicola  ( - )
    GABE  Nicolas Edward  ( 1814 - 1865 )
    GABORIAUX  Josué  ( 1870 - 1955 )
    GADAL  Louis Stephen  ( 1936 - )
    GAILLARD - LEPINAY  Paul Emmanuel  ( 1842 - 1885 )
    GALLAND  Gilbert  ( 1870 - 1956 )
    GAMAIN  Louis  ( 1803 - 1871 )
    GAMBIER  Leon  ( 1917 - 2007 )
    GARDINER  Frank Joseph Henry  ( 1942 - )
    GARDNER  Derek  ( 1914 - 2007 )
    GARIBALDI  Joseph  ( 1863 - 1941 )
    GARIN  Eugene  ( 1922 - 1994 )
    GARNERAY  Ambroise Louis  ( 1783 - 1857 )
    GARNETT  Paul  ( - )
    GARNIER  Geoffrey Sneyd  ( 1889 - 1970 )
    GARVER  Jack  ( - )
    GATIER  Pierre Leon  ( 1878 - 1944 )
    GATTI  Christophe  ( - )
    GAUMY  Jean  ( - )
    GAUSSEN  Adolphe Louis  ( 1871 - 1954 )
    GAUTHIER  François Henri  ( 1868 - )
    GAVIN  Philippe  ( 1961 - )
    GAY  George Howell  ( 1858 - 1931 )
    GAYDA  David  ( 1961 - )
    GEORGE  Paul  ( - )
    GERICAULT  Théodore  ( 1791 - 1824 )
    GERVESE - MILLOT  Charles, Marie, Joseph  ( 1880 - 1959 )
    GHI    ( - )
    GIBBONS  William  ( 1858 - 1892 )
    GIFFORD  Robert Swain  ( 1840 - 1905 )
    GIFFORD  Charles Henri  ( 1839 - 1904 )
    GILBERT  Pierre Julien  ( 1783 - 1840 )
    GILBERTI  Michel  ( - )
    GILCHRIST  Philip Thompson  ( 1865 - 1956 )
    GILKERSON  William  ( 1936 - )
    GILLOT  Eugène-Louis  ( 1867 - 1925 )
    GILROY  John William  ( 1868 - 1944 )
    GIRAULT  Daniel  ( 1945 - )
    GLEASON  Joe Duncan  ( 1881 - 1959 )
    GLUSING  Fräncis  ( 1886 - 1957 )
    GODCHAUX  Emile  ( 1860 - 1938 )
    GODCHAUX  Alfred  ( 1835 - 1895 )
    GODERIS  Hans  ( 1600 - 1642 )
    GODILLON  Emmanuel  ( 1957 - )
    GOEDHART  Jan Andreas  ( 1919 - 1991 )
    GOICHON  Auguste  ( 1890 - 1961 )
    GOOD  Ivan  ( 1930 - )
    GOODWIN  Michael  ( - )
    GOOSEN  Frits  ( 1943 - )
    GOZZARD  James Walter  ( 1888 - 1950 )
    GRANDIN  Eugène  ( 1833 - 1919 )
    GRANT  Gordon  ( 1875 - 1962 )
    GRAVES  Thomas  ( - )
    GRAY  Jack Lorimer  ( 1927 - 1981 )
    GRAY  Philip  ( 1959 - )
    GRAY  Douglas  ( 1965 - )
    GREENE  Mark  ( 1916 - 1986 )
    GREENHALGH  Annabel  ( 1955 - )
    GREENWOOD  George Parker  ( 1850 - 1904 )
    GREGERSEN  Julius  ( 1860 - 1953 )
    GREGORIO  Helena  ( 1958 - )
    GREGORY  George Frederick (elder)  ( 1815 - 1890 )
    GREGORY  George Frederick (Jnr)  ( 1857 - 1913 )
    GREGORY  Charles Dickson  ( 1850 - 1920 )
    GREGORY  George  ( 1849 - 1938 )
    GREGORY  Charles  ( 1810 - 1896 )
    GRENVILLE  Richard  ( 1956 - )
    GRIBBLE  Bernard Finnigan  ( 1873 - 1962 )
    GRIFFIN  Stephen J.  ( - )
    GRIFFIN  Keith Alistair  ( 1927 - )
    GRIFFITH  Ed  ( - )
    GRIFFITHS  Jim  ( - )
    GRIMSHAW  John Atkinson  ( 1836 - 1893 )
    GRIMSON  Bob  ( 1945 - )
    GRISEL  Rijk  ( - )
    GROVES  John Michael  ( 1937 - )
    GRUPPE  Charles C.  ( 1928 - )
    GRUPPE  Emile Albert  ( 1896 - 1978 )
    GRUPPE  Charles Paul  ( 1860 - 1940 )
    GUARNACCIA  Louis  ( 1958 - )
    GUDIN  Jean Antoine Theodore  ( 1802 - 1880 )
    GUDIN  Hermine Henriette  ( 1825 - 1876 )
    GUEY  Fernand  ( 1877 - 1964 )
    GUILCHER  Jean  ( 1957 - )
    GUILLAUMIN  Armand  ( 1841 - 1927 )
    GUILLEMAN  Anne-Marie  ( 1969 - )
    GUILLEMET  Antoine Jean Baptiste  ( 1841 - 1918 )
    GUILLOU  Alfred  ( 1844 - 1926 )
    GUINDON  Jean  ( 1883 - 1976 )
    GUIRAUD  Georges  ( 1901 - 1989 )
    GUTHRIE  Ron  ( - )
    GUYOT  Michel  ( 1948 - )
    GUYOT (GUY LOE)  Maurice,  ( 1898 - 1991 )
    GUZZI  George  ( - )
    HACKMAN  Frederick James  ( 1856 - 1925 )
    HADENFELDT  Christian  ( 1883 - 1971 )
    HAFFNER  Leon  ( 1881 - 1972 )
    HAGAN  Robert  ( - )
    HAGG  Jacob  ( 1839 - 1931 )
    HALE  Philip Leslie  ( 1865 - 1931 )
    HAMBOURG  André  ( 1909 - 1999 )
    HAMELIN  Neil  ( - )
    HAMILTON  James  ( 1819 - 1878 )
    HAMILTON  John  ( 1919 - 1993 )
    HAMMEL  Otto  ( 1866 - 1950 )
    HAMMOND  Ken  ( 1948 - )
    HAND  Sue  ( - )
    HANDLEN  Franck  ( 1916 - )
    HANKEY  William Lee  ( 1869 - 1950 )
    HANKS  Steve  ( 1949 - )
    HANKS  Consuelo Eames  ( - )
    HANSEN  Armin  ( 1886 - 1957 )
    HANSEN  Ian  ( 1948 - )
    HANSON  William G.  ( - )
    HAQUETTE  Georges Jean Marie  ( 1854 - 1906 )
    HARDY  Thomas Bush  ( 1842 - 1897 )
    HARE  Derek  ( - )
    HARRINGTON  James  ( 1929 - )
    HARRIS  John  ( - )
    HARRISON  Charles Harmony  ( 1842 - 1902 )
    HARRISON  Thomas Alexander  ( 1853 - 1930 )
    HART  Cooper  ( - )
    HARVEY  Guy  ( 1955 - )
    HARVEY  George Wainwright  ( 1855 - 1930 )
    HARVEY  Edward  ( 1862 - 1917 )
    HAYES  Edwin  ( 1819 - 1904 )
    HAYWOOD  Mike  ( - )
    HAYWOOD  Carol Lois  ( - )
    HAZELTON  Douglas  ( - )
    HEADE  Martin Johnson  ( 1819 - 1904 )
    HEARD  Joseph  ( 1799 - 1859 )
    HEARLE  Debbie  ( - )
    HEATH  Margareth  ( - )
    HEINRICH  Leitner  ( 1842 - 1913 )
    HELLEU  Jean  ( 1894 - 1985 )
    HEMPFING  Wilhelm  ( 1886 - 1948 )
    HEMY  Bernard Benedict  ( 1855 - 1913 )
    HEMY  Charles Napier  ( 1841 - 1917 )
    HEMY  Thomas  ( 1852 - 1937 )
    HENDERSON  Joseph  ( 1832 - 1908 )
    HENDERSON  Steve  ( - )
    HENNO  Laurence  ( - )
    HENRY  R.  ( - )
    HERBO  Fernand  ( 1905 - 1995 )
    HEROULT  Antoine Désiré  ( - )
    HERTZ  Michel  ( 1933 - )
    HERVIGO  Gustave Adolphe  ( 1896 - 1993 )
    HIBBARD  Aldro Thompson  ( 1886 - 1972 )
    HIDER  Frank  ( 1861 - 1933 )
    HILLHOUSE  John Martin  ( - )
    HILLIER  Matthew  ( 1958 - )
    HODGES  William  ( 1744 - 1797 )
    HODGSON  E.S.  ( - )
    HODGSON  William Scott  ( 1864 - 1925 )
    HOENDERVANGER  Willem Johan  ( 1980 - )
    HOKUSAI  Katsushika  ( 1760 - 1849 )
    HOLCOMB  Patricia  ( - )
    HOLLAND  Bob  ( - )
    HOLLAND  Stephen H.  ( - )
    HOLLOWAY  Charles Edouard  ( 1838 - 1897 )
    HOLLOWAY  Edward Stratton  ( 1859 - 1939 )
    HOLMAN  Francis  ( 1729 - 1790 )
    HOLST  Johannes  ( 1880 - 1965 )
    HOLT  Edward  ( 1949 - )
    HOMER  Winslow  ( 1836 - 1910 )
    HOOD  John  ( - 1771 )
    HOOPER  Joan Colt  ( - )
    HOPPER  Edward  ( 1882 - 1967 )
    HORNBROOK  Thomas Lyde  ( 1780 - 1850 )
    HORTON  John M  ( - )
    HOUSTON  Alastair  ( 1965 - )
    HOWE  Harry Hambro  ( 1886 - 1966 )
    HOWELL  David  ( 1939 - )
    HOYER  Edward  ( - )
    HOYNE  Thomas Maclay  ( 1924 - 1989 )
    HUBAND  Geoffrey  ( 1945 - )
    HUE  Jean-François  ( 1751 - 1823 )
    HUGGINS  William John  ( 1781 - 1845 )
    HUGHES  Brad  ( - )
    HUGHES  Neal  ( - )
    HUGHES  John  ( 1806 - 1880 )
    HULK  Abraham Junior  ( 1851 - 1922 )
    HULK  Abraham Senior  ( 1813 - 1897 )
    HUMBLOT  Robert  ( 1907 - 1962 )
    HUNT  Geoff  ( 1948 - )
    HUNT  William Morris  ( 1824 - 1879 )
    HUNTINGTON  Kate  ( - )
    HUSTWICK  Francis  ( 1797 - 1865 )
    HUTTON  Thomas Swift  ( 1860 - 1935 )
    HYAMS  William  ( 1878 - 1952 )
    IAMS  James Drake  ( 1927 - )
    INGRAM  William Ayerst  ( 1855 - 1913 )
    INSLEY  Albert Babb  ( 1842 - 1937 )
    ISABEY  Louis Gabriel Eugene  ( 1803 - 1886 )
    ISHAM  Tony  ( 1944 - )
    ISINGS  Johan Herman  ( 1884 - 1977 )
    JABONEAU  Albert  ( - )
    JABURG  Oltmann  ( 1830 - 1908 )
    JACOBSEN  Antonio  ( 1850 - 1921 )
    JACOBSON  Dan  ( 1942 - )
    JAMES  David  ( 1853 - 1904 )
    JAMES  Barbara  ( - )
    JARVIS  Christopher  ( - )
    JEAN-HAFFEN   Yvonne  ( 1895 - 1993 )
    JENKINS  George Henri  ( 1843 - 1914 )
    JENSEN  Max  ( 1887 - )
    JENSEN  Alfred  ( 1859 - 1935 )
    JENSEN  Brent  ( - )
    JKL    ( - )
    JOBERT  Paul  ( 1863 - 1936 )
    JOHANSSON  Arvid  ( 1862 - 1923 )
    JOHNSON  Eldred  ( 1926 - )
    JOHNSON  Marshall Lysander  ( - )
    JOHNSON  Charles Edward  ( 1832 - 1913 )
    JOHNSON  Marshall  ( 1850 - 1921 )
    JOHNSTON  Laurence  ( 1946 - )
    JONAS  Lucien  ( 1880 - 1947 )
    JONES  Jack  ( - )
    JONES  Terri  ( - )
    JONES  Brian J  ( 1945 - )
    JONES  Steven  ( 1959 - )
    JONGKIND  Johan Barthold  ( 1819 - 1891 )
    JONSSON  Thor  ( 1976 - )
    JOUBERT  Pierre  ( 1965 - )
    JOUENNE  Michel  ( 1933 - )
    JOURDAN  Emile  ( 1860 - 1931 )
    JOY  William  ( 1803 - 1867 )
    JOY  John Cantiloe  ( 1806 - 1866 )
    JUNG-BRETT  Marie Aline  ( - )
    KADLEC  Dusan  ( 1942 - )
    KAHN  Michael  ( - )
    KALCKREUTH (VON)  Patrick  ( 1898 - 1970 )
    KANNEMANS  Christian Cornelis  ( 1812 - 1884 )
    KARAS  Michael B.  ( - )
    KASMAN  David  ( 1962 - )
    KAY  James  ( 1858 - 1942 )
    KEAN  Katherine  ( - )
    KEANE  Michael  ( - )
    KEHEW  Elaine  ( - )
    KELLIHER  Kathleen  ( - )
    KENNEDY  Andrew  ( - )
    KENNEY  Charles "Fran"  ( 1919 - )
    KENSETT  John Frederick  ( 1816 - 1872 )
    KENZLER  Carl  ( 1872 - 1947 )
    KERGREN  Daniel  ( 1950 - )
    KING  Paul Bernard  ( 1867 - 1947 )
    KING  Robert  ( - )
    KING  Michel  ( 1930 - )
    KIRKPATRICK  Will  ( - )
    KLATT  Frauke  ( 1957 - )
    KNELL  Adolphus  ( 1804 - 1882 )
    KNELL  William Calcott  ( 1830 - 1876 )
    KNIGHT  Stephen  ( - )
    KNIGHT  Charles Parsons  ( 1829 - 1897 )
    KNOX  William Dunn  ( 1880 - 1945 )
    KNOX  Wilfred  ( 1884 - 1966 )
    KNOX  William  ( 1862 - 1925 )
    KNYFF  Jacob  ( 1638 - 1681 )
    KOEKKOEK  Johannes Hermanus (G1)  ( 1778 - 1851 )
    KOEKKOEK  Hermanus (Senior - G2)  ( 1815 - 1882 )
    KOERNER  Jean Jules  ( 1833 - 1909 )
    KOLTZ  Adam  ( - )
    KORITES  Bernard  ( - )
    KORTA  Robert  ( - )
    KOVAL  Sergey  ( 1960 - )
    KRAMER  Russ  ( - )
    KRASTEV  Alex  ( - )
    KROYER  Peder  ( 1851 - 1909 )
    KRUPINSKI  Loretta  ( 1940 - )
    KRUSE  Andreas  ( 1965 - )
    KUBITZ  Frederick  ( - )
    KUWASSEG  Charles Euphrasie  ( 1833 - 1904 )
    LABAN  Andre  ( - )
    LABAT  Gustave  ( 1824 - 1917 )
    LACHEVRE  Bernard  ( 1885 - 1950 )
    LACOMBE  Georges  ( 1868 - 1916 )
    LAFERE  Wim  ( 1933 - )
    LAGASSE  Robert  ( - )
    LAJARTE  Olivier de  ( 1973 - )
    LAMAZOU  Titouan  ( 1955 - )
    LANE  Leonard Charles  ( 1910 - 1978 )
    LANE  Fitz Hugh  ( 1804 - 1865 )
    LANE  Richard  ( 1954 - )
    LANGMAID  Rowland  ( 1897 - 1956 )
    LANTOINE  Fernand  ( 1876 - 1956 )
    LAPICQUE  Charles  ( 1898 - 1988 )
    LAPORTA  Jaume  ( 1940 - )
    LAPPER  Ivan  ( - )
    LARRAVIDE  Manuel  ( 1871 - 1910 )
    LARSEN  Kirk  ( - )
    LARSON  Simon Marcus  ( 1825 - 1864 )
    LASSEN  Christian Riese  ( - )
    LAURENT-GSELL  Lucien  ( 1860 - 1944 )
    LAUVERGNE  Barthelemy  ( 1805 - 1871 )
    LAWES  Michael  ( 1948 - )
    LAWLER  Richard  ( - )
    LAWLESS  James  ( 1949 - )
    LAZEREN  Elizabeth  ( - )
    LAZZARO  Walter  ( 1914 - 1989 )
    LE BAUBE  Claude  ( 1919 - 2007 )
    LE BRAS  Jean Pierre  ( 1931 - )
    LE BRETON  Louis  ( 1818 - 1866 )
    LE CORRE  Yvon  ( 1939 - )
    LE CORRE  Christian  ( 1941 - 2006 )
    LE GRAY  Gustave  ( 1820 - 1884 )
    LE GUEN  Leopold  ( - )
    LE LORRAIN  Claude  ( 1600 - 1682 )
    LE MERDY  Jean  ( 1928 - )
    LE SENECHAL DE KERDREORET  Gustave Edouard  ( 1840 - )
    LEBASQUE  Henri  ( 1865 - 1937 )
    LEBONNOIS  Pierre-Arnaud  ( 1959 - )
    LEBOURG  Albert Marie  ( 1849 - 1928 )
    LECOCQ  Pascal  ( 1958 - )
    LECOMTE  Paul-Emile  ( 1877 - 1950 )
    LECONTE  Pierre, Marie,  ( 1894 - 1946 )
    LEDUC  Charles  ( 1831 - 1911 )
    LEE  John Theophilus  ( 1787 - 1843 )
    LEECH  Ray  ( 1949 - )
    LEES  Michael  ( - )
    LEFEVRE  Edwige  ( - )
    LEFEVRE  Michel  ( 1944 - )
    LEFRANC  Roland  ( 1931 - 2000 )
    LEFRANC  Jules  ( 1887 - 1972 )
    LEGOUT-GERARD  Fernand Marie Eugéne  ( 1856 - 1924 )
    LEIGH  Belinda  ( - )
    LEITNER  Heinrich  ( 1842 - 1913 )
    LEMAIGRE-GELLUSSEAU  Francoise  ( 1952 - )
    LEMAN  Benoit  ( - 2008 )
    LEMOINE  André  ( 1894 - )
    LEMONNIER  Jean  ( 1950 - )
    LENGELLE  Paul  ( 1908 - 1993 )
    LEPIC  Ludovic Napoleon  ( 1839 - 1889 )
    LEPINE  Stanislas  ( 1835 - 1892 )
    LEPOITTEVIN  Eugene  ( 1806 - 1870 )
    LEROUX  Philippe  ( 1957 - )
    LESLIE  Robert C  ( - 1887 )
    LETTER  H  ( - )
    LEVER  Richard Hayley  ( 1876 - 1958 )
    LEVERE  Paul  ( 1875 - 1949 )
    LEVESQUE  Richard  ( - )
    LEVEY  Gerald  ( 1930 - )
    LEWSEY  Tom  ( 1910 - 1965 )
    LHOSTIS  Guy  ( 1945 - )
    LIDDIARD  Paul  ( - )
    LIE  Jonas  ( 1880 - 1940 )
    LIEDTKE  Alfred  ( 1877 - 1914 )
    LINES  John  ( 1938 - )
    LINNIG  Egide  ( 1821 - 1860 )
    LIOT  Paul  ( 1855 - 1902 )
    LIVINGSTONE  Patrick  ( 1956 - )
    LLANO FLOREZ  alias Francois CARRERA  ( 1889 - )
    LLOYD  Robert  ( 1968 - )
    LODDER  Charles A.  ( - )
    LONGUEVILLE  Charles  ( 1929 - 1999 )
    LOOS  John Frederick  ( 1861 - 1895 )
    LOUD  Richard  ( - )
    LOWE  William  ( - )
    LOWE  Robert Allensmore  ( 1873 - )
    LUBBERS  Holger  ( 1850 - 1931 )
    LUCAS  Louis Marie Désiré  ( 1869 - 1949 )
    LUEY  Walfun  ( - )
    LUIGI  Roberto  ( 1845 - 1910 )
    LUNY  Thomas  ( 1759 - 1837 )
    LUSCOMBE  Henry Andrews  ( 1820 - 1868 )
    LUSH  Steve  ( 1949 - )
    LUYENS  Jean  ( 1932 - )
    LUZZO  Giovanni  ( - )
    LYNN  John  ( 1826 - 1855 )
    MacALLUM  John Thomas Hamilton  ( 1841 - 1896 )
    MacGOWAN  John  ( - )
    MacGREGOR  Robert  ( 1847 - 1922 )
    MacGREGOR  David Roy  ( 1925 - )
    MACKIE  Karl  ( - )
    MACKRILL  Martin R  ( 1962 - )
    MACLEOD ROBERTSON  Sheila  ( 1927 - )
    MacNEE  Robert Russell  ( 1880 - 1952 )
    MACRUM  George Herbert  ( 1878 - 1970 )
    MADRASSI  Lucien  ( 1881 - 1956 )
    MAGINNIS  Ian  ( 1977 - )
    MAGNER  James W, (Jim)  ( - )
    MAILLARD  Emile  ( 1846 - 1926 )
    MAISER  Barbara  ( - )
    MAITZ  Don  ( 1953 - )
    MALFROY  Henry  ( 1895 - 1944 )
    MALFROY  Charles  ( 1862 - 1918 )
    MALONEY  William J.  ( - )
    MANAGO  Vincent  ( 1880 - 1936 )
    MANET  Edouard  ( 1832 - 1883 )
    MANGLARD  Adrien  ( 1695 - 1760 )
    MARCEL LAURENT  Emmanuel  ( 1892 - 1948 )
    MARCEL-CLEMENT  Amédée Julien  ( 1873 - )
    MARCOTTES DE QUIVIERES  Augustin  ( 1834 - 1907 )
    MARIA MARINI  Antonio  ( 1668 - 1725 )
    MARIN-MARIE  Paul Emmanuel  ( 1901 - 1987 )
    MARINELLI  Joe  ( - )
    MARKES  Albert Ernest  ( 1865 - 1901 )
    MARKES  Richmond  ( - )
    MARKO  Serge  ( 1926 - )
    MARLOW  Buck  ( - )
    MARONIEZ  Georges Philibert  ( 1865 - 1933 )
    MARQUET  Albert  ( 1875 - 1947 )
    MARREC  Jean-Yves  ( 1961 - )
    MARSAC  Paul  ( 1865 - )
    MARSHALL  Ian  ( - )
    MARTIAL  Lucien  ( 1892 - 1987 )
    MARTIN  John Scott  ( - )
    MARTIN-SAUVAIGO  Charles  ( 1881 - 1970 )
    MASLEN  Holly  ( - )
    MASON  Frank Henry  ( 1876 - 1965 )
    MASSEY  Raymond  ( - )
    MASTRANGELO  Francis  ( - )
    MATISSE  Auguste  ( 1866 - 1931 )
    MATTER  Janne  ( - )
    MAUFRA  Maxime  ( 1861 - 1918 )
    MAXENCE  Jean  ( 1861 - 1918 )
    MAYER  Auguste Etienne Francois  ( 1805 - 1890 )
    MAYGER  Chris  ( - )
    MAYO  Steve  ( - )
    MAYS  Victor  ( 1927 - )
    MAZE  Paul Lucien  ( 1887 - 1979 )
    MAZER  Mike  ( - )
    MAZZARELLA  Mark  ( - )
    McALPINE  William  ( - )
    McCARTHY  Leigh  ( - )
    McCLURE  B. Royce  ( 1956 - )
    McCONNELL COX  Kelly  ( 1973 - )
    McCURDY   Philip E.  ( 1935 - )
    McGOVERN  Michael  ( - )
    McGURL  Joseph  ( 1958 - )
    McINTYRE  Donald  ( 1923 - 2009 )
    MEADOWS  Arthur Joseph  ( 1843 - 1907 )
    MEADOWS  James  ( 1799 - 1863 )
    MEADOWS  James Edwin  ( 1826 - 1888 )
    MEARS  George  ( 1865 - 1910 )
    MECRAY  John  ( - )
    MEDLIN  Jamie  ( 1970 - )
    MEHEUT  Mathurin  ( 1882 - 1958 )
    MELBYE  Wilhelm  ( 1824 - 1882 )
    MELBYE  Daniel Hermann Anton  ( 1818 - 1875 )
    MELBYE  Fritz Siegried Georg  ( 1826 - 1896 )
    MELLISH  Thomas  ( - )
    MELLON  Campbell Archibald  ( 1878 - 1955 )
    MELTZOFF  Stanley  ( 1917 - 2006 )
    MENARDEAU  Maurice  ( 1897 - 1977 )
    MENNET  Louis  ( 1829 - 1875 )
    MERCKER  Erich  ( 1891 - 1973 )
    MERWART  Paul  ( 1855 - 1902 )
    MESDAG  Hendrick Willem  ( 1831 - 1915 )
    MICKLETHWAITE  Don  ( 1936 - )
    MIHANOVIC  Zvonimir  ( 1946 - )
    MILES  Thomas Rose  ( 1844 - 1916 )
    MILLER  Melvin O.  ( 1937 - 2007 )
    MILLER  Charles Keith  ( 1836 - 1907 )
    MILLER  David  ( - )
    MILLET  Ariane Toledano  ( - )
    MINOFF  Edward  ( 1972 - )
    MITCHELL  Thomas  ( 1735 - 1790 )
    MITCHELL  William Frederick  ( 1845 - 1914 )
    MITCHELL  Brian  ( - )
    MIZEREK  Leonard  ( 1947 - )
    MIZNER  Kevin  ( - )
    MNO    ( - )
    MOHNKERN  Ann  ( - )
    MOHRMANN  John Henry  ( 1857 - 1916 )
    MOISSET  Maurice  ( 1860 - 1946 )
    MOISSON  Raymond  ( 1863 - 1898 )
    MOLSTED  Christian  ( 1862 - 1930 )
    MONAMY  Peter  ( 1681 - 1749 )
    MONET  Claude  ( 1840 - 1926 )
    MONKOWICKI  Marc  ( 1929 - )
    MONTADOR  Jean Gabriel  ( 1947 - )
    MONTAGUE  Alfred  ( 1832 - 1883 )
    MONTANÉ  Roger  ( 1931 - )
    MONTGOMERY  David  ( - )
    MONTLLOR  Alfredo Navarro  ( 1965 - )
    MOORE  Edward  ( - )
    MOORE  Claude T. Stanfield  ( 1853 - 1901 )
    MOORE  Robert  ( 1945 - )
    MOORE  Barlow  ( 1834 - 1897 )
    MOORE  Henry  ( 1831 - 1895 )
    MOORE OF IPSWICH  John  ( 1820 - 1902 )
    MOORTGAT  Ronny  ( 1951 - )
    MORAN  Edward  ( 1829 - 1901 )
    MORCHAIN  Paul Bernard  ( 1876 - 1939 )
    MOREAUX  Arnould  ( 1875 - )
    MOREL-FATIO  Antoine-Leon  ( 1810 - 1871 )
    MORGAN  Jenny  ( 1942 - )
    MORGAN  Brechin  ( 1947 - )
    MORIN  Jean Pierre  ( 1952 - )
    MORLON  Anthony Paul Emile  ( 1834 - 1905 )
    MORRIS  Garman  ( - )
    MORRIS  Simon  ( 1958 - )
    MORRIS  Roger  ( 1935 - )
    MORTIMER  Thomas  ( - )
    MORTIMER  Louis  ( - )
    MORVAN  Jean-Jacques  ( 1928 - )
    MOSTERT  Dutch  ( - )
    MOUTTE  Jean Joseph Marie Alphonse  ( 1840 - 1913 )
    MOZIN  Charles  ( 1806 - 1862 )
    MUHLENFELD  Otto  ( 1871 - 1907 )
    MULCAHY  Bruce  ( 1955 - )
    MULHAUPT  Frederick  ( 1871 - 1938 )
    MULIER  Pieter, the Younger  ( 1637 - 1701 )
    MULIER  Pieter, the Elder  ( 1615 - 1670 )
    MULLER  William G  ( - )
    MULLER  William James  ( 1812 - 1845 )
    MULLER-GOSSEN  Franz  ( 1871 - 1946 )
    MUNCASTER  Claude  ( 1903 - 1974 )
    MUSCHAMP  Frank Sydney  ( 1851 - 1903 )
    MUSGRAVE  Harry  ( - )
    MUSIN  Auguste Henri  ( 1852 - 1923 )
    MUSIN  Francois Etienne  ( 1820 - 1888 )
    MYATT  Claudia  ( - )
    MYERS  Mark  ( 1945 - )
    NARDI  François  ( 1861 - 1936 )
    NATTERO  Louis  ( 1870 - 1915 )
    NAVARRO  Vivi  ( 1962 - )
    NAWROCKI  Grzegorz  ( - )
    NEAVE  Vincent  ( 1948 - )
    NEILL  Ben  ( 1914 - )
    NEIMAN  LeRoy  ( 1921 - 2012 )
    NELSON  Sandy  ( - )
    NEPO  Christian  ( - )
    NIBBS  Richard Henry  ( 1816 - 1893 )
    NICKOLLS  Joseph  ( 1726 - 1755 )
    NICOLETTE  Frank  ( - )
    NIELSEN  Tom  ( 1948 - )
    NIVARD  André  ( 1880 - 1969 )
    NOBLE  Keith  ( 1949 - )
    NOËL  Alexandre Jean  ( 1752 - 1834 )
    NOEL  Jules Achille  ( 1810 - 1881 )
    NOEL  Pierre  ( 1903 - 1981 )
    NOIRE  Maxime  ( 1861 - 1927 )
    NOIROT  Emile  ( 1853 - 1924 )
    NOOMS  Reinier  ( 1623 - 1667 )
    NORTON  William Edward  ( 1843 - 1916 )
    NORTON  Linda  ( - )
    NORTON  Charles Wardlow  ( 1848 - 1901 )
    NUNEZ  Micaela  ( - )
    O AIVAZIAN  Edman  ( 1932 - )
    O BRIEN  Patrick  ( - )
    O SULLIVAN  Mary Louise  ( - )
    OCAMPO  Octavio  ( 1943 - )
    OHREMOVICH  Juriy  ( 1956 - )
    OLIER  Ronan  ( 1949 - )
    OLIVE  Jean-Baptiste  ( 1848 - 1936 )
    OLIVER  Thomas  ( 1979 - )
    OLIVIER  Fernand  ( 1873 - 1937 )
    OLSEN  Christian Benjamin  ( 1873 - 1935 )
    OLSON  Jon  ( - )
    OLSSON  Julius  ( 1864 - 1942 )
    OPDENHOFF  George Wilhelm  ( 1807 - 1893 )
    ORTNER  Ran  ( 1961 - )
    OS  Jan Van  ( 1744 - 1808 )
    OSLER  Anthony  ( 1938 - )
    OSMUNDSEN  William Barth  ( 1947 - )
    OULESS  Philip John  ( 1817 - 1884 )
    OWEN  Samuel  ( 1768 - 1794 )
    OZANNE  Pierre  ( 1737 - 1813 )
    OZANNE  Nicolas  ( 1728 - 1811 )
    PACKARD  Anne  ( - )
    PADDAY  Charles Murray  ( 1868 - 1954 )
    PAGUENAUD  Jean Louis  ( 1876 - 1952 )
    PAHL  Pam  ( - )
    PAJOT  Paul Emile  ( 1873 - 1929 )
    PAJOT  Gilbert  ( 1902 - 1952 )
    PALLIER  Jean Claude  ( - )
    PALMER  Addison  ( 1970 - )
    PALUE  Pierre  ( 1920 - 2005 )
    PANITZSCH  Robert  ( 1879 - 1949 )
    PANSING  Fred  ( 1844 - 1912 )
    PAPALUCA  Luca Louis  ( 1890 - 1934 )
    PAQUET  André  ( 1949 - )
    PARENT  Yves  ( 1941 - )
    PARIS (Amiral)  Francois Edmond  ( 1806 - 1893 )
    PARKER  Ed  ( - )
    PARKES  Oscar  ( 1885 - 1958 )
    PARKYN  William Samuel  ( 1875 - 1949 )
    PARRY  Ronald  ( - )
    PARSONS  Arthur Wilde  ( 1854 - 1931 )
    PARTURIER  Marcel  ( 1901 - 1976 )
    PASCAL  François  ( - 1948 )
    PASCAL  Leopold  ( 1890 - 1952 )
    PASKELL  William  ( 1866 - 1951 )
    PATINIR  Joachim  ( - 1524 )
    PATON  Richard  ( 1717 - 1791 )
    PATTERSON  Charles Robert  ( 1878 - 1958 )
    PAYNE  William  ( 1760 - 1830 )
    PEARCE  Len J.  ( 1932 - )
    PEARS  Charles  ( 1873 - 1958 )
    PEARSON  John N.  ( - )
    PECRUS  Charles Francois  ( 1826 - 1907 )
    PEER  John  ( - 2009 )
    PEETERS  Bonaventura  ( 1614 - 1652 )
    PEETERS  Jan  ( 1624 - 1677 )
    PEISER  Kurt  ( 1887 - 1962 )
    PELLEGRIN  Honoré  ( 1793 - 1869 )
    PELTIER  Jean  ( 1907 - 1984 )
    PENDRAY  John  ( 1937 - )
    PENMAN SWEET  Anne  ( - )
    PENNY  William Daniel  ( 1834 - 1924 )
    PENUELAS  Bob  ( - )
    PERCIVAL  Harold  ( 1868 - 1914 )
    PERHIRIN  François  ( 1929 - 2004 )
    PERINI  Colin  ( 1949 - )
    PERKINS  Granville  ( 1830 - 1895 )
    PERON  Pierre, René,  ( 1905 - 1988 )
    PERON  Guy  ( 1931 - 1998 )
    PERRAUDIN  Paul  ( 1907 - 1990 )
    PERRET  Marius  ( 1853 - 1900 )
    PERROT  Ferdinand  ( 1808 - 1841 )
    PETERS  Carl W  ( 1897 - 1980 )
    PETERSEN  Jacob  ( 1774 - 1855 )
    PETERSEN  Gunther  ( 1920 - )
    PETERSON  Jane  ( 1876 - 1965 )
    PETERSON  Charles L  ( - )
    PETIT  Annie  ( 1942 - )
    PETRO  Daniel  ( 1957 - )
    PEYTON  Mike  ( - )
    PHILLIPS  B. J.  ( - )
    PHILLIPS  Giles Firman  ( 1780 - 1867 )
    PICHON  Claude  ( - )
    PICKERING  Byron  ( - )
    PILLEMENT  Jean Baptiste  ( 1728 - 1808 )
    PINARD  René-Etienne  ( 1883 - 1938 )
    PITCHER  Neville Sotheby  ( 1889 - 1959 )
    PITCHFORTH  Roland Vivian  ( 1895 - 1982 )
    PLACE - CANTON  Paul  ( 1862 - 1908 )
    PLANQUETTE  Claude  ( 1959 - )
    PLATJE  Maarten  ( 1967 - )
    PLISSON  Henry  ( 1908 - 2002 )
    PLISSON  Philippe  ( 1947 - )
    POCOCK  Nicholas  ( 1740 - 1821 )
    POCOCK  William Innes  ( 1783 - 1836 )
    POILPOT  Théophile  ( 1848 - 1915 )
    PONSON  Raphael  ( 1835 - 1904 )
    POOLE  Burnell  ( 1884 - 1933 )
    POPADICS  Joel  ( 1961 - )
    POPHAM  William J  ( 1900 - 1999 )
    PORCELLIS  Jan  ( 1584 - 1632 )
    PORTELLA  Dalton  ( 1958 - )
    POTTIER  Gaston  ( 1885 - 1980 )
    POWELL  Charles Martin  ( 1775 - 1824 )
    PQR    ( - )
    PRADERI  Raul  ( - )
    PRATT  Hugo  ( 1927 - 1995 )
    PRESTON  W.F.  ( - 1900 )
    PRICE  Morgan Samuel  ( - )
    PRINGLE  James Fulton  ( 1788 - 1847 )
    PUCKETT  Randy  ( 1946 - )
    PUGET  Pierre  ( 1622 - 1694 )
    PUTNAM  Marlene  ( - )
    PYLE  Howard  ( 1853 - 1911 )
    PYNACKER  Adam  ( 1622 - 1673 )
    QUÉRÉ  René  ( 1932 - )
    QUIDLEY  Peter Taylor  ( 1945 - )
    QUILLIVIC  René  ( 1879 - 1969 )
    QUINTIN  Marcel  ( 1939 - )
    QVISTORFF  Victor  ( 1883 - 1953 )
    RAFFIN-CABOISSE  Pierre  ( 1948 - )
    RAHARDT  Olaf  ( 1965 - )
    RALEIGH  Charles S  ( 1830 - 1925 )
    RAMUS  Aubrey  ( 1895 - 1950 )
    RANSOME  Simon  ( - )
    RASHIDI  Salman  ( - )
    RASMUSSEN  Jens Christian  ( 1877 - 1914 )
    RAVANNE  Gustave, Leon  ( 1854 - 1904 )
    RAVELL III  William.H  ( - )
    RAY  Don  ( - )
    RAYNES  Catherine  ( 1966 - )
    REDMORE  Henry  ( 1820 - 1887 )
    REGAMEY  Frédéric  ( 1849 - 1925 )
    REGAN  Dean  ( 1960 - )
    REID  John Robertson  ( 1851 - 1926 )
    REIMERS  Heinrich  ( 1824 - 1895 )
    REINAGLE  George Philip  ( 1802 - 1835 )
    REMI  Georges  ( 1946 - )
    REMINGER  Richard.T  ( - )
    RENARD  Stephen  ( 1947 - )
    RENAULT  Luigi P  ( 1845 - 1910 )
    RENESON  Chet  ( - )
    REYNAUD  Marius  ( 1860 - 1935 )
    REYNOLDS  Spencer  ( - )
    REYNOLDS  Keith  ( - )
    RICARD-CORDINGLEY  Georges  ( 1873 - 1939 )
    RICE  Betsey  ( - )
    RICHARD  Hervé  ( 1952 - )
    RICHARDE  Otto Ludvig  ( 1862 - 1929 )
    RICHARDS  William Trost  ( 1833 - 1905 )
    RICHENS  Keith  ( - )
    RIDGE  Hugh E  ( 1900 - 1976 )
    RIDLEY  Matthew White  ( 1837 - 1888 )
    RIGAUD  Jean  ( 1912 - 1999 )
    RIGBY  Adrian  ( 1962 - )
    RIGG  Jack  ( 1927 - )
    RINALDI  Roberto  ( 1963 - )
    RINDLISBACHER  Peter  ( 1956 - )
    RIOU  Louis  ( 1893 - 1958 )
    RIOU  Edouard  ( 1833 - 1900 )
    RITSCHEL  William  ( 1864 - 1949 )
    ROBB  Chris  ( - )
    ROBERTO  Luigi  ( 1845 - 1910 )
    ROBERTS  Ray  ( - )
    ROBERTS  Linda  ( - )
    ROBERTSON  Captain Thomas  ( 1819 - 1873 )
    ROBINS  Thomas Sewell  ( 1814 - 1880 )
    ROBINSON  Sonia  ( - )
    ROBISON  Eric  ( - )
    RODMELL  Harry Hudson  ( 1896 - 1994 )
    ROE  Robert Ernest  ( 1852 - 1921 )
    ROFFO  Sergio  ( 1953 - )
    ROGEST  Ron  ( - )
    ROHAUT  Jacques  ( 1950 - )
    ROLLIN DE VERTURY  Georges  ( 1894 - )
    ROQUE  Jean-Jacques  ( 1880 - 1926 )
    ROSENFELD  Morris  ( 1885 - 1968 )
    ROSIER  Amédée  ( 1831 - 1898 )
    ROSNER  Charles  ( 1894 - 1975 )
    ROSSE (St JOHN)  Nicholas  ( 1945 - )
    ROSSEL DE CERCY  Auguste Louis  ( 1736 - 1804 )
    ROSSET  Christiane  ( 1937 - )
    ROUBAUX (alias ROUBAUD)  Jean-Baptiste  ( 1871 - )
    ROULLET  Gaston  ( 1847 - 1925 )
    ROUSSEL  Georges-Frédéric  ( 1886 - 1928 )
    ROUSSEL  Theodore  ( 1847 - 1926 )
    ROUSSEL  Charles  ( 1861 - 1936 )
    ROUX  Francois Joseph Frederic (G4)  ( 1805 - 1870 )
    ROUX  Ursule Josephine (G4)  ( 1801 - 1863 )
    ROUX  Francois Geoffroi (G4)  ( 1811 - 1882 )
    ROUX  Mathieu-Antoine (G4)  ( 1799 - 1872 )
    ROUX  Joseph Ange-Antoine (G3)  ( 1765 - 1835 )
    ROUX  Joseph (Generation1)  ( 1682 - 1747 )
    ROUX  Joseph (G 2)  ( 1725 - 1789 )
    ROUX-RENARD  Marius  ( 1870 - 1936 )
    ROWBOTHAM  Thomas Leeson Scarse  ( 1783 - 1853 )
    ROWBOTHAM  Thomas Charles Leeson  ( 1823 - 1875 )
    ROWBOTHAM  Charles  ( 1856 - 1921 )
    ROY  Marius  ( 1853 - 1911 )
    ROY  Pierre  ( 1880 - 1950 )
    ROY  Bernard  ( 1888 - 1953 )
    ROYSTER  BJ  ( - )
    RUAIS  Stéphane  ( - )
    RUBLON  Hubert  ( - )
    RUDAUX  Henri  ( 1870 - 1927 )
    RUGGE-PRICE  Jeremy  ( 1938 - )
    RUNAGALL  Alan  ( 1941 - )
    RYALL  Alan  ( - )
    RYAN  William E.  ( 1936 - )
    RYDER  Albert Pinkham  ( 1847 - 1917 )
    SABOL  Jeff  ( - )
    SACHSE  Jochen  ( 1930 - )
    SAENREDAM  Jan  ( 1565 - 1607 )
    SAILMAKER  Isaac  ( 1633 - 1721 )
    SALAS-BORQUEZ  Franco  ( 1979 - )
    SALISBURY  Roger E  ( - )
    SALISBURY  Cathy  ( - )
    SALKIN  Fernand  ( 1862 - 1937 )
    SALMON  Robert  ( 1775 - 1844 )
    SALTZMANN  Carl  ( 1847 - 1923 )
    SANBORN  Percy  ( 1849 - 1929 )
    SANDROCK  Leonhard  ( 1867 - 1945 )
    SANDY-HOOK  (TABOUREAU Georges)  ( 1879 - 1960 )
    SANZ  Eduardo  ( 1928 - )
    SAPORITO  Ron  ( - )
    SARBA  Marek  ( - )
    SARGENT  John Singer  ( 1856 - 1925 )
    SARTHOU  Gilles  ( 1953 - )
    SARTORIUS  J.Francis  ( 1775 - 1831 )
    SARTORIUS  Francis  ( 1734 - 1804 )
    SASO  Franck  ( - )
    SASSU  Giovani Marco  ( 1947 - )
    SATTLEY  Patrick  ( 1079 - )
    SAULNIER de la PINELAIS  Marie Nicolas Benoit  ( 1836 - 1900 )
    SAUNDERS  Anthony  ( - )
    SAVARY  Robert, Gaston  ( 1920 - 2000 )
    SAVERY The Elder  Hans  ( 1564 - 1622 )
    SCARBROUGH  Frank William  ( 1860 - 1939 )
    SCARPACI  Wayne  ( 1947 - )
    SCHARWATT  Katty  ( 1956 - )
    SCHETKY  John Christian  ( 1778 - 1874 )
    SCHIBLER  Marc  ( - )
    SCHIEDGES  Petrus Paulus  ( 1813 - 1876 )
    SCHIMDT  Bill  ( - )
    SCHLICHTING  Waldemar  ( 1896 - 1970 )
    SCHMIDT-HAMBURG  Robert  ( 1885 - 1963 )
    SCHNARS-HALQUIST  Hugo  ( 1855 - 1939 )
    SCHOCK  David  ( 1962 - )
    SCHOTEL  Johannes Christian  ( 1787 - 1838 )
    SCHOTEL  Petrus  ( 1808 - 1865 )
    SCHOTEL  Anthonie Pieter  ( 1890 - 1958 )
    SCHRANZ  Anton  ( 1769 - 1839 )
    SCHRANZ  Giovanni  ( 1794 - 1882 )
    SCHURR  Claude  ( 1921 - )
    SCOBIE  Ron  ( - )
    SCOTT  Henry  ( 1911 - 2005 )
    SCOTT  Randall  ( - )
    SCOTT  John  ( 1802 - 1885 )
    SCOTT  Samuel  ( 1701 - 1772 )
    SEAFORTH  Charles Henry  ( 1801 - 1853 )
    SEAGO  Edward  ( 1910 - 1974 )
    SEBILLE  Albert  ( 1874 - 1953 )
    SEBIRE  Gaston  ( 1920 - 2001 )
    SEGURA  Jorge Nunez  ( 1932 - )
    SELO  Joel  ( - )
    SEMLER  Robert C.  ( - )
    SEMPLE  Joseph Joshua  ( 1830 - 1877 )
    SENNEBY  Bjorn  ( 1946 - )
    SERAFINI  Dominique  ( 1946 - )
    SERRES  John Thomas  ( 1729 - 1825 )
    SERRES  Dominique (fils)  ( 1761 - 1804 )
    SERRES  Dominique  ( 1719 - 1793 )
    SERUSA  Jeffrey  ( - )
    SETTLE  William Frederick  ( 1821 - 1897 )
    SEVELLEC  Jim, Eugène  ( 1897 - 1971 )
    SEVERSON  John  ( - )
    SHACKLETON  Keith  ( 1923 - )
    SHAKLEE  Kim  ( - )
    SHAPLEIGH  Frank Henry  ( 1842 - 1906 )
    SHARDLOW  Ross  ( 1950 - )
    SHEELER  Charles  ( 1883 - 1965 )
    SHEPPARD  Warren  ( 1858 - 1937 )
    SHIMIDZU  H.  ( - )
    SHOESMITH  Kenneth  ( 1890 - 1939 )
    SIGNAC  Paul  ( 1863 - 1935 )
    SILICE  André, Auguste  ( 1880 - 1951 )
    SILVA  Francis  ( 1835 - 1886 )
    SIMON  Lucien  ( 1861 - 1945 )
    SIMONS  Brian  ( - )
    SIMONS  Paul Henri  ( 1865 - 1932 )
    SJOSTROM  Lars Petter  ( 1820 - 1896 )
    SKALAGARD  Hans  ( 1924 - )
    SLATER  John Falconer  ( 1857 - 1937 )
    SLATTER  Alexander  ( - )
    SLEEPER  Helen  ( - )
    SMELLIE  John  ( 1869 - 1925 )
    SMIT  Aernout  ( 1641 - 1710 )
    SMITH  Xhantus Russel  ( 1839 - 1929 )
    SMITH  Joseph B  ( 1798 - 1876 )
    SMITH  Anne  ( - )
    SMITH  Frank Vining  ( 1879 - 1967 )
    SMITH  Archibald Cary  ( 1837 - 1911 )
    SMITH  William Collingwood  ( 1815 - 1887 )
    SMITH  Shannon  ( - )
    SMITHEMAN  S. Francis  ( - )
    SNOOTS  Karin  ( - )
    SNOW  Keith  ( 1936 - )
    SODERLUND  Karl  ( - )
    SOLCYK  Phyllis  ( - )
    SOLDWEDEL  Kipp  ( 1913 - 1999 )
    SOLE  Michael  ( 1985 - )
    SOMERSCALES  Thomas Jacques  ( 1842 - 1927 )
    SORENSSEN  Carl Frederik  ( 1818 - 1879 )
    SOROLLA Y BASTIDA  Joachin  ( 1863 - 1923 )
    SOWDEN  Trevor  ( 1933 - )
    SPENCER  Richard B  ( 1815 - 1874 )
    SPURLING  Jack  ( 1870 - 1933 )
    STAETS  Hendrick  ( 1630 - 1680 )
    STANFIELD  Clarkson Frederick  ( 1793 - 1867 )
    STANFIELD  George Clarkson  ( 1828 - 1878 )
    STANNARD  Joseph  ( 1797 - 1830 )
    STARK  Robert  ( - )
    STEENE  Roger  ( - )
    STEER  Philiip Wilson  ( 1860 - 1942 )
    STEFANIAK  Stan  ( - )
    STEFFANI  Luigi  ( 1827 - 1898 )
    STEVENS  Alfred  ( 1823 - 1906 )
    STEWART  W  ( - )
    STEWART  John  ( 1842 - 1897 )
    STICKER  Robert  ( - )
    STOBART  John  ( 1929 - )
    STOLTENBERG  Donald Hugo  ( 1927 - )
    STONE  Don  ( - )
    STORCK  Peter  ( 1940 - )
    STORCK  William Penniman  ( 1957 - )
    STORCK  Abraham  ( 1644 - 1708 )
    STOREY  Terence  ( - )
    STOWER  Willy  ( 1864 - 1931 )
    STRANGE  Albert  ( - )
    STU    ( - )
    STUART  Alexander Charles  ( 1831 - 1898 )
    STUART  William Evans Dutton  ( 1826 - 1873 )
    STUBBS  William Pierce  ( 1842 - 1909 )
    STURGEON  Josiah John  ( 1919 - 2000 )
    SUMNER  George  ( 1940 - )
    SUMNER  Rachel  ( - )
    SWAINE  Francis  ( 1714 - 1782 )
    SWAN  Martin  ( - )
    SWATLAND  Sally  ( 1946 - )
    SWIFT  John Warkup  ( 1815 - 1869 )
    SWOLFS  Xavier  ( 1942 - )
    SYLVAIN  Adolphe  ( 1920 - 1991 )
    SYRETT  Dennis  ( - )
    TAIT  Jim  ( 1948 - )
    TANDECKI  Robert  ( - )
    TANNEUR  Philippe  ( 1795 - 1887 )
    TANTILLO  Len  ( - )
    TATTEGRAIN  Francis  ( 1852 - 1915 )
    TAYLOR  Charles  ( - )
    TAYLOR  Henry King  ( 1799 - 1869 )
    TAYLOR  Julian  ( 1954 - )
    TAYSON  John  ( 1956 - )
    TELOSKY  Dan  ( - )
    TENCH  Ernest George  ( 1885 - 1942 )
    TESMOINGT  Michel  ( 1928 - )
    TEXIER  Richard  ( 1955 - )
    THEUNISSEN  André  ( 1895 - )
    THIBAUT  Jean Louis  ( 1942 - )
    THIEME  Anthony  ( 1888 - 1954 )
    THIMGAN  David  ( 1955 - 2003 )
    THOMAS  Robert Strickland  ( 1787 - 1853 )
    THOMAS  Gilbert  ( 1949 - )
    THOMPSON  Tim  ( 1951 - )
    THOMPSON  Adrian  ( - )
    THOMPSON CUNLIFFE  Michael  ( 1939 - )
    THORNELY  Charles  ( 1858 - 1898 )
    THORNLEY  William  ( 1857 - 1935 )
    THORPE  John  ( 1834 - 1873 )
    THORSEN  Lars  ( 1877 - 1952 )
    TINNEY  Ronald  ( 1958 - )
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    TOLLEMACHE  Duff  ( 1859 - 1936 )
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    TOURBATEZ  Jean-Paul  ( 1942 - )
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    TUDGAY  John  ( - 1865 )
    TUFNELL  Eric Erskine Campbell  ( 1888 - 1978 )
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    TURNER  Charles E.  ( 1893 - 1965 )
    TYLER  James Gale  ( 1855 - 1931 )
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    VAN RE  Francoise  ( 1953 - )
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    VERDILHAN  Louis Mathieu  ( 1875 - 1928 )
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    WYLLIE  Harold  ( 1880 - 1975 )
    XXX???    ( - )
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    ZIDER  Doug  ( - )
    ZIEM  Felix  ( 1821 - 1911 )
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    2:13 pm est 

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    1:18 pm est 

    12:51 pm est 

    2014.12.01

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